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News Reports for August 5, 2013

by: NewsDiary

Sun Aug 04, 2013 at 18:49:07 PM EDT


Reminder: Please do not post whole articles, just snippets and links. Thanks!

India
• ProMED: Influenza (44): India (H1N1) increased incidence (Link)
• Baramati resident dies of swine flu; toll up to 30 (Link)

Nepal
• Govt's laxity led to bird flu outbreak: Experts (Link)
Bird Flu Alert in Nepal (Link)
• Regmi concerned about bird flu control efforts (Link)
• Growing threat (H5N1, H5N7, H1N9) (Link)

Saudi Arabia
• No MERS/Cov cases in Saudi Arabia - health Min. (Link)
• Coronavirus: six false alarms Reunion (translated) (Link)

Taiwan
• Taiwan reports first occurrence of H5N3 bird flu (Link)

United States
• What to expect this flu season - Ask the Pediatrician (Link)

General
• US: CDC - MERS FAQ and chart of cases and deaths (Link)


• H (Link)

NewsDiary :: News Reports for August 5, 2013

News for August 4, 2013 is here.


Thanks to all of the newshounds!
Special thanks to the newshound volunteers who translate international stories - thanks for keeping us all informed!
Other useful links:

WHO H7N9 web page

WHO A(H1N1) Site
WHO H5N1 human case totals
Charts and Graphs on H5N1 from WHO
Google Flu Trends
CDC Weekly Influenza Summary
Map of seasonal influenza in the U.S.
CIDPC (Canada) Weekly FluWatch
UK RCGP Weekly Data on Communicable and Respiratory Diseases
Flu Wiki  

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US: What to expect this flu season - Ask the Pediatrician
Flu shots will be arriving in doctor's offices and pharmacies across the county very soon. So I thought this might be a good time to recap last year's "flu season" and talk about a few changes in this year's flu vaccine.

Last year's flu season began in early November, which is earlier than usual. Flu cases peaked the week between Christmas and New Year's, but flu stuck around until mid-March. While not labeled a pandemic like the 2009 H1N1 outbreak, the 2012-2013 flu season was moderately severe and one of the worst years most pediatricians can remember. There were 149 pediatric deaths associated with influenza in the United States last year.

There are many different types of influenza virus and just when we think we understand them all, they mutate and we have to master a whole new species. The CDC monitors worldwide flu data and makes recommendations for each season's flu vaccine.

In previous years, we always have given a "trivalent" flu vaccine, meaning it protected against three types of flu virus. Last year, the flu vaccine contained two types of influenza A (including H1N1) and one type of influenza B (B/Massachusetts or Yamagata lineage). This year, that same trivalent vaccine will be available, but many health-care providers will also be offering a quadrivalent vaccine.

The quadrivalent vaccine will offer protection against an additional type of influenza B referred to as B/Brisbane or Victoria lineage. If you examine the data from last year, influenza A caused the majority of illness (71 percent) and influenza B was to blame for only about 29 percent of cases. However, there was a late-season surge of influenza in February and into March which was predominantly influenza B. And influenza B was the virus implicated in 79 percent of pediatric deaths nationwide last year.

In short, influenza B is emerging as a force in pediatric illness, and it makes sense to include another strain in the vaccine. Continued: http://lancasteronline.com/art...

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


ProMED: Influenza (44): India (H1N1) increased incidence
(Note: The cases I've seen all year in India have been stated as being H1N1 swine flu. Apparently, they have even been labeling H3N2 as H1N1 swine flu or else they haven't made those cases public. This is a long report so I'm only posting this part of it.)

Communicated by:
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Kunihiko Iizuka

According to the most recent WHO Epidemiological Update of 26 Jul 2013 (update to 16 Jul 2013) See::
"Influenza transmission in South East Asia has gradually decreased, and transmission in southern Asia remained consistently low in the past few weeks. The proportion of influenza A has also been higher compared to influenza B in both regions. In South East Asia, influenza activity remained low for most countries except for Viet Nam, with mainly circulation of influenza A(H3N2) and A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses in the past few weeks. Thailand also reported a small increase of A(H3N2) compared to the last few weeks.

In Southern Asia, in India, A(H3N2) virus remained the main influenza virus circulating in the past weeks. Sri Lanka has decreasing influenza A activity compared to the past few weeks. Iran and Pakistan also experienced low activity. In Southern China, influenza activity gradually decreased."

The preceding press reports from India indicate a marked change in the incidence of influenza virus infection in India with transition of the predominant virus from H3N2 to H1N1 -- presumably the influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 strain. Increased incidence has been recorded in the capital New Delhi and the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashrashtra and Jammu & Kashmir. So far, no cases have been reported in Bihar, Assam, Arunanchal Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Chhattisgarh, Daman & Diu, D and N Haveli, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Lakshadweep, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Puducherry, Sikkim and Tripura.

It is perhaps too early to conclude that these reports are indicative of a resurgence of the H1N1pdm09 strain, but they should not be ignored. http://www.promedmail.org/

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


India: Baramati resident dies of swine flu; toll up to 30 (Maharashtra)
PUNE: A 34-year-old man from Baramati died of swine flu at a city hospital on Sunday, taking the number of people who died of the virus in the city to 30 this year.

As many as 15 people are being treated at different hospitals across the city. Among them, seven have been put on ventilator support.

Sanjay Pandurang Khade, a resident of Jalochi Road in Baramati, developed Influenza-like symptoms around July 22. He had fever with chills and cough.

Doctors say that Khade had a liver condition. His health deteriorated but he did not seek medical intervention. When he complained of severe breathlessness on July 25, Khade was admitted to a private hospital in Baramati and later shifted to another hospital in Baramati which in turn advised his relatives to take him to Pune. He was admitted to Sahyadri Hospital in Hadapsar on July 27 and put on ventilator support as his condition deteriorated. He was shifted to Sahyadri Munot Hospital in Swargate as he needed dialysis treatment where he died at 6.25 pm on August 2.

"He had tested positive for swine flu on July 30. He had developed pneumonia due to swine flu. Besides, he had other associated illnesses like acute kidney injury with alcoholic liver disease," said S T Pardeshi, medical officer of health in the PMC.

As many as seven people have succumbed to the virus in Pune city since July 23. "Of them, three were from Satara and the remaining four from rural parts of Pune. None of them was a resident of Pune city," Pardeshi added. Continued: http://timesofindia.indiatimes...  

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


Nepal: Govt's laxity led to bird flu outbreak: Experts
BHAKTAPUR: Poultry farming experts say the government's inability to check the spread of bird flu in Jhapa, Chitwan and Pokhara was responsible for the outbreak in the Kathmandu Valley. They argue that had the government tightened quarantine check at border points in Kathmandu and other places after Jhapa, Chitwan and Pokhara saw the bird flu spread, the outbreak would not have taken the present proportion in Bhaktapur.

Poultry expert Dr Til Chandra Bhattarai said the bird flu infection had assumed epidemic proportions in the Kathmandu Valley after the government failed to cull the infected fowls within three days of getting infected in a scientific way.

"The government did not apply quarantine check at border points after flu detection in Jhapa, Chitwan and Pokhara," Bhattarai said. He asked the government to set up laboratory in every district livestock office to test bird flu. He also demanded that the government formulate a regulation to manage poultry farming.

Another poultry expert Dr Balaram Kisi said the government's act to destroy chickens, eggs and chicken feed only after the confirmation of the bird flu led the to its spread. "Immediate disease identification and immediate destruction is the only solution to bird flu," Kisi added.

He argued that low compensation for the culled chickens by the government was another reason for bird flu spread. "As the governmental reparation is very low, poultry farmers are compelled to send their products to the market," Kisi said. Dr Bhattarai said if the government provided actual cost of the fowls to the farmers, they would be ready to destroy the infected birds. Dr Bijay Kant Jha, chief, Livestock Directorate, however, claimed, "Rapid response teams are doing their job round the clock."

Continued: http://www.thehimalayantimes.c...  

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


Bird Flu Alert in Nepal
The Government of Nepal has banned the commercial use and sales of chicken related items in Kathmandu and other related district. Following the outbreak of 16 bird flu cases in 17 days since July 16 in Kathmandu, the animal health authorities of Nepal on Thursday declared ban on chicken trade in the Nepali capital for one week. (Snip).

Bird flu (Snip) has been confirmed in several poultry farms in Kathmandu and Bhaktapur. Some 5,500 infected chickens have died while 4,500 chicken at farm in Sipadol of Bhaktapur were culled recently.

Chairman of the Interim Election Council Khil Raj Regmi has instructed the ministries and authorities concerned to do all the control the bird flu epidemic in the country on Sunday. Continued: http://groundreport.com/bird-f...  

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


Nepal: Regmi concerned about bird flu control efforts
KATHMANDU, AUG 04 - Chairman of the Interim Council of Ministers Khil Raj Regmi on Sunday took stock of the ongoing efforts of the authorities in controlling the outbreak of the bird flu virus.  

Chairman Regmi met Health Minister Biddhyadhar Mallik and Agriculture Minister Tek Bahadur Thapa Gharti and discussed about the effects of the recent outbreak of bird flu, of whether the deadly virus had also spread to people and about the possible risk if the virus goes unabated.

(Snip)

The Capital has witnessed the 27th bird flu outbreak in the last 18 days alone. Following the conformation of the H5N1 strain of bird flu in many poultry farms in Bhaktapur district, the government has imposed ban on the poultry product s in all the three districts of the Capital from Thursday. http://www.ekantipur.com/2013/...  

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


[ Parent ]
Nepal: Growing threat (H5N1, H5N7, H1N9)
Bird flu in Kathmandu - As reports of the increasing menace of bird flu continue to make rounds, all efforts at the moment are concentrated on controlling bird flu at poultry farms. Little attention has been paid to other aspects of this potential epidemic. Egg and chicken dishes are still freely available in the restaurants of Kathmandu, and one has to conclude that at least some of them are made from sick or potentially infected birds. To discourage buying and selling of infected birds, the government had banned trading in chickens in Kathmandu, but evidently, traders have found a loophole. Infected birds are being traded in the outskirts of the city where there is no ban. Birds with suspicious symptoms are transported overnight to suburban areas where they can be traded, away from government's watch. And this is happening despite the Department of Animal Health's claim that it keeps a close watch on infection in poultry farms.

Culling more than 33,000 chickens since the outbreak of the flu last July has increased the chances of the disease spreading in other ways. The flu spreads not just from live birds, but also from dead ones, contact with their severed body parts, blood, and even their feed. At the moment, the culled birds are dumped haphazardly, most noticeably at Bhaktapur of late. Not only is the smell from the site extremely discomforting for locals, but the unmanaged site also threatens to spread bird flu through the soil, air and water.

No wonder, birds in almost all poultry farms in Bhaktapur are infected with H5N1, H5N7, or H1N9, different strains of bird flu. Even though government officials claim no human has been infected, there is no way to be sure of that without carrying out definitive tests.

Also, farmers whose chickens are dying from H1N9, a lesser known strain of bird flu, have complained of government negligence. Culling only chickens with H5N1, the government has left chickens infected with H1N9 alone. This could prove to be a fatal mistake since it is an equally dangerous strain of bird flu. Meanwhile, the government's emergency team faces resistance from farmers who would rather sell their chicken at half the price than allow them to be destroyed. Continued: http://www.myrepublica.com/por...

(Note: This is the first I've seen on emerging new strains of flu in the poutry so I don't know if this report is accurate or not. I've posted the article for you in the event that it is true.)

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


Taiwan reports first occurrence of H5N3 bird flu
Taipei, Aug. 5 (CNA) An outbreak of low pathogenic H5N3 avian influenza has been detected on a duck farm in the eastern county of Hualien, the first occurrence of the virus strain in Taiwan.

The virus was isolated from swabs taken from the farm July 16 and confirmed by the national laboratory Aug. 2, (Snip). Twenty of the 13,400 ducks on the farm tested positive for the virus (Snip).

(Snip) the ducks were healthy and without clinical signs or abnormal mortality, adding that surveillance of poultry farms around the H5N3 affected farm is being conducted. http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aso...  

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


No MERS/Cov cases in Sadi Arabia - health Min.
http://www.kuna.net.kw/Article...

04/08/2013   |   11:55 PM | Gulf News
تصغير الخطتكبير الخط

RIYADH, Aug 4 (KUNA) -- No cases of the new Coronavirus, MERS/Cov, have been reported among Muslim pilgrims or visitors to Saudi Arabia, the health ministry said Sunday.
Field follow-up reports and surveillance teams found no epidemic between over five million pilgrims and visitors, it said in a statement.

Most of the patients suffered from heat waves, it noted. (end) od.bs KUNA 042355 Aug 13NNNN  

In memory of pogge: Peace, order and good government, eh?
[If we want it, we'll have to work at it.]


Coronavirus: six false alarms Reunion
original link: http://www.ipreunion.com/photo...

link to translated article: http://translate.google.com/tr...

[machine translated from French ]

17 hours ago

To remain vigilant during the pilgrimage to Mecca

In this period of Ramadan, vigilance around the coronavirus MERS is still valid. On the occasion of the "lesser pilgrimage", fifty Reunion Muslims have indeed traveled to Mecca during the month of July, the Arabian peninsula containing the main source of infection. Five to six suspected cases were reported to the regional health agency, but these false alarms were quickly dismissed.
Posted by IPR 17 hours ago
Illustration :

Saturday, July 27, Saudi authorities announced the death of another victim of MERS coronavirus (Middle East respiratory syndrome), bringing to 39 the number of deaths due to this disease in the kingdom and 46 worldwide. And while the "lesser pilgrimage" in full swing in Mecca, where millions of believers visit during Ramadan.

Among them, fifty Muslims Reunion. "This is much lower than other years (between 150 and 170 on average, note), but it has nothing to do with the coronavirus," said Houssen Amode, chairman of the Muslim Faith Regional Council of Reunion. It states: "This is mainly due to visa problems, since there is currently substantial to Mecca, which reduce the space of prayer and housing opportunities work."

The virus does not concern especially Reunion Muslim authorities, although we must remain vigilant. "We must not fall into psychosis, but it educates and informs all those who visit the holy places," says Houssen Amode. "There are no specific measures, people who have gone there have lived normally without wearing mask, etc.. This is to be vigilant and follow the instructions hygiene. But even Normally, vulnerable people are not moving, "he says.

The side of the regional health agency, it is almost the same thing. "We reported our five to six suspects in three months," said Joao Simoes, head of the monitoring unit, alert and health management. "But they were quickly discarded either because their symptoms did not correspond clinically to the virus, either because they had not attended the area at risk," he explains.

...

In memory of pogge: Peace, order and good government, eh?
[If we want it, we'll have to work at it.]


CDC: MERS FAQ and chart of cases and deaths
http://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus...

MERS Cases and Deaths,
April 2012 - Present

Current as of August 05, 2013, 9:00 AM EDT

Countries Cases (Deaths)
France 2 (1)
Italy 3 (0)
Jordan 2 (2)
Qatar 2 (1)
Saudi Arabia 74 (39)
Tunisia 2 (0)
United Kingdom (UK) 3 (2)
United Arab Emirates (UAE) 6 (1)
Total 94 (46)

FAQ on MERS can be read at the link above.

In memory of pogge: Peace, order and good government, eh?
[If we want it, we'll have to work at it.]


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