About
About Flu Wiki
How To Navigate
New? Start Here!
Search FW Forum
Forum Rules
Simple HTML I
Simple HTML II
Forum Shorthand
Recent Active Diaries
RSS Feed

Search




Advanced Search


Flu Wiki Forum
Welcome to the conversation Forum of Flu Wiki

This is an international website intended to remain accessible to as many people as possible. The opinions expressed here are those of the individual posters who remain solely responsible for the content of their messages.
The use of good judgement during the discussion of controversial issues would be greatly appreciated.

Indonesia - September 1, 2012 to March 30, 2013

by: AlohaOR

Sat Sep 01, 2012 at 22:43:24 PM EDT


This diary is to track and discuss news regarding Indonesia.
AlohaOR :: Indonesia - September 1, 2012 to March 30, 2013
The previous Indonesia News Diary is here.

The Indonesia maps by Okieman and the Newshounds are here.

Tags: , , , (All Tags)
Print Friendly View Send As Email

Cirebon: 37 chickens died suddenly
http://radarcirebon.com/?p=24649

Friday, September 7, 2012

Sprayed with disinfectant. Residents and officials Mekarsari Village, District Jatiwangi spraying disinfectant into the cage chickens died suddenly.

Owned Six Residents Mekarsari, allegedly due Suspect Bird Flu
 
Majalengka - Residents in two RW Block Pahing, Mekarsari Village, District Jatiwangi digegerkan the death of dozens of chickens sudden and sporadic.

Information collected by Radar, the event took place from Tuesday to Thursday (6/9).
As of yesterday, at least have 37 chickens owned by six people in two ie RW 11 and RW 12 RW village died suddenly with symptoms that are almost identical. The six people who died suddenly livestock is owned by Anah as 6 tails of 21 individuals.

Daming, five chickens 2 of them died. Then Nana, from his 10 chickens, 3 tails off, Iweng, as many as 17 of the 27 tail tail off. While Adi who have 8 chickens are all dead, and Honda only had one chicken also died. Suspected death of dozens of chickens because of bird flu.
To this newspaper, one of the residents that Adi chickens died suddenly explains, this event lasted from three days ago. At that time, his chickens died suddenly with symptoms in the body of the dead chickens found blood in his veins blue. Then from snout mucus. The next day until yesterday that is still one more chicken coop also died suddenly.
Similar incidents also happened to other people who still live a block with Adi. Until finally the people whose chickens died suddenly reported these findings to the local village.

Mekarsari village chief, Joko Purnomo receiving reports directly coordinates with local Animal Husbandry Department. It was also the team FEA check cause of death of 37 chickens owned by residents in the two sudden RW.

Head of Livestock and Animal Husbandry Department of Forestry Plantations (Dishutbunak), drh Day Imam explained, it has deployed officers to take blood and saliva samples from dead chickens in the village suddenly Mekarsari to do rapid test. "The rapid test does indicate if the cause of death of chickens in Mekarsari is suspected suspect bird flu, because the symptoms and the causes nearly the same, and identical to the case of death of chickens due to bird flu," he explained.

However, it was not yet able to conclude if these events caused the positive result of the H5N1 virus. Because, to further ascertain the causes of death of the chicken it should bring samples of saliva, blood, and chicken manure to the laboratory in Lembang. "New from the lab results that would later conclude which factors are the cause," he said.

Although only 37 chickens that died suddenly, of a total of 62 chickens owned by residents, the rest of the surviving chickens allegedly been infected, because staying the same cage with a dead chicken.
Therefore, it is assisted by local village officials decided to destroy all the chickens owned by six people buried way, to not spread suspect spread to other chickens owned by residents.

For precaution, Department of Animal Husbandry and Rural Mekarsari directly spraying the former chicken coop die, to kill the remnants of bacteria and viruses that presumably still attached. (AZS)


GPS Effectively Anticipates Bird Flu
http://padangekspres.co.id/?ne...
September 13, 2012
West Sumatra, Indonesia:  To anticipate the outbreak of bird flu cases in West Sumatra, Department of Animal Husbandry has spread 72 global positioning system (GPS) in all cities and counties.  Such a device can detect the location of the H5N1 virus rapidly, so rapidly spreading anticipated order is not widespread.

"With this system, the chain of the virus can be quickly suppressed," said Head of Livestock in West Sumatra, Padang Edwardi the Express yesterday (12/9).

Although no cases of bird flu as the previous year, according to Edwardi, does not mean safe Sumatra bird flu.  In 2012, there are findings of the Animal Husbandry Department in cases of bird flu.  

"If we do not anticipate this early on, the virus could spread to other areas that have not been affected," he said.

In January-September 2011, 236 oblong positive bird flu.  While January-12 September 2012, only 14 were found positive ellipse.  The latest discovery in Pauhkamba, Padangpariaman 3 oblong and Kotapariaman 1 village.

"We continue to use the GPS to anticipate earlier.  GPS is used by field workers in the cities and counties.  The GPS system is connected to the system in the province.  Thus, the province can find cases of bird flu in the region less than 5 minutes, " he said.  Due to rapid detection, the provincial government could more easily take policy.  

"There have been many other areas that we are studying, East Java and West Java," he said.
"We've trained field personnel prior with the tools that have been tested," he added.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Anyone guess what they're trying to say here?
I can't understand how a GPS system can "detect" bird flu. Are they saying they've finally got some computer modeling software that is fed the data as it comes in and more quickly makes sense of it? But how can it find cases of bird flu "in less than 5 minutes"?? They have to do testing to detect H5N1... any guesses on actual meaning here?

[ Parent ]
GPS technology
They are talking about accurately identifying the exact geographic location of H5N1 outbreaks (both confirmed and suspected) when field personnel have GPS technology available.   The distribution of these GPS devices should help pinpoint an outbreak earlier and allow the local officials to more likely contain it.  

[ Parent ]
Bird Flu Threatens Return Cimahi
http://bisnis-jabar.com/index....

By: Hedi Ardia
15 September 2012 | 8:59 pm

Erode (business-jabar.com) - Bird flu virus attacks hit Cimahi, at least two resident chickens in the RT 3 RW 12 Sub Sub CIBEBER South Cimahi positive contracted the virus Avian Influenza (AI).

The Center for Animal Health Cooperatives, SMEs, Commerce Industries and Agriculture (Diskopindagtan) Cimahi Dawn Irfan said it was on Thursday (13/9) has received reports from citizens about the avian residents who died suddenly.

"When the test came back positive AI CIBEBER region. Incidentally dead chickens belonged RW 12 Uus Suryana. Based on the rapid test birds we found 2 samples of chicken AI positive, "he told reporters on Saturday (15/9).
Therefore, to prevent such unwanted things, he has done limited depopulation and destroy as many as 30 chickens. The chicken owner will receive compensation amounting Rp15.000/ekor.

The results of the chicken samples will be tested further in the laboratory. Meanwhile, in the region have yet to be carried out vaccination.

"Handling a while, with depopulation and spraying disinfectant to stop the spread of the deadly AI virus in poultry," said Irfan.

Head of Agriculture Diskopindagtan Cimahi Suyoto said Cimahi bird populations estimated at 150,000 head consisting of birds, chickens, and ducks.

To prevent the spread of viruses that threaten human and animal health, it was a year twice yearly vaccination and regular monitoring. (K6/yri)


Dozens Of Chickens Died Suddenly In Grobogan and there's a human suspect - Central Java
Shared by dbg: http://jogja.okezone.com/read/...

Sunday, September 16 2012 12:40 WIB

Grogoban - Was expected infected bird flu, a resident of Kemoloko Village, Grobogan Regency, Central Java, was run off with to the local midwife. Beforehand, hundreds of tails of the chicken in the area died suddenly.

Darsih, the grandmother 70 years, at once were carried to the local midwife to get treatment. Already three days experienced the cough and felt feverish. Residents claimed concerned over what was experienced by the woman normally was called by Miss Darsih. Moreover, their approximately 40 property chickens died suddenly.

A resident, Agus, afterwards took the initiative of burning and burying all the chicken. He has with the resident reported the incident to the Livestock Service the area.

"Livestock breeding Service gave disinfectant medicine to all the Kemloko resident to be carried out spraying," said Agus in the location, on Sunday (16/9/2012).

The resident hoped with the implementation of spraying, the resident around would be free from the virus H5N1 that could cause this death.


[ Parent ]
Bird Flu Threatened Nunukan, The Resident Was Asked To Be On The Alert - East Kalimantan
Shared by dbg: http://www.jpnn.com/read/2012/...

Monday, September 17 2012, 12:06:00

Nunukan - the Agriculture and Livestock Breeding Service (Dispertanak) the Nunukan Regency officially released the newest news about the spreading of the bird flu virus or avian influenza (H5N1) in Nunukan. From series of cases of the death of the poultry of the chicken kind in the last two months, several of them was stated positive was attacked by the bird flu virus.

"There were several samples that were sent by us to be carried out the lab test in Banjarmasin. Results were startling enough, there is among this sample that was positive was infected by the bird flu virus," said Rais Kahar, Head of the Health Section of the Animal and the Health of the Community to Dispertanak Nunukan Regency.

He continued, the preventive step that was carried out by Dispertanak at this time was limited enough. The issue, this year of Dispertanak Nunukan did not budget for the procurement of the fast detector in order to diagnose the spreading of the virus H5N1. Despite this, the livestock breeding region that inside was found poultries that were sick, as soon as possible were done by spraying of disinfectant against the pen as well as the environment around to prevent the spreading of the pest.

"We also made a plea so that all the breeder and the resident who cultivated the animal of the poultry kind, whenever possibly reported to Dispertanak when finding kept poultries that were sick," said Rais.

It was further that he explained, the discovery of the bird flu virus in Nunukan really quite startling. Moreover the virus H5N1 that was found this time, was a little different from the virus H5N1 that was found in various areas in Indonesia several years ago.

He predicted, the virus H5N1 this time the big possibility has experienced the change genetic (was evolving). Because, in one case of the death of the poultry that was found in the livestock breeding region belonging to the resident in Bhayangkara Street in the last two months, only several chickens that experience was sick before dying.

"Usually, when this bird flu virus attacked one territory, other chickens around it could quickly be infected. But not this time, only several chickens was attacked," he revealed.

"But the risk of the spread to humankind still was staying same, therefore we asked the community to be more careful. Whenever possible avoid the chicken that was sick, because of the process of the spreading of this virus could through air," he added.

The cause and the origin spread the bird flu virus in Nunukan was not yet known certain. However that was enough be a relief to, up until today did not yet have the report about the existence of positive humankind was infected by this virus.

"Up until today was not yet available, therefore we asked that the resident increased vigilance. Lest this virus spread to humankind," said Rais.

The poultry of the chicken kind really quite the prima donna in the Nunukan social circle. Several chicken kinds were quite deliberate was cultivated for the certain interests. From the chicken contest, the requirement for food to the interests of efforts.

Especially celebration of the Iduladha Public Holiday, the chicken request will increase significantly. As the note, the poultry that was found positive was infected by the virus H5N1 recently, was the poultry of the nonpedigreed chicken kind.


A Grandmother In Grobogan Suspected Bird Flu - Central Java
Shared by dbg: http://kabar17.com/2012/09/seo...

September 17 or 18, 2012

Grobogan - A grandmother in Grobogan Purwodadi suspected of having bird flu. So in this frail age, she had to fight to continue to live with a struggle. The grandmother was named Darsi (70) resident Kemloko Village, Godong Subdistrict, Central Java. Darsi suffering from bird flu after she suffered sneezing that accompanied shortness of breath and body temperature were not stable for one week.

When met at her house by kabar17.com she said, previously healthy body condition, but suddenly she suffered a sudden illness. After dozens of pet chickens died suddenly.

Darsi who lived alone, the day-to-day just breed pet chicken to make a living. By selling chickens and eggs from pets in the local market. Afraid most of chickens died suddenly. Not accompanied by pain or killed. Darsi did not know what was the cause dozens of pet chickens died suddenly.

"I do not know what the sickness, why not like the usual flu. But this flu sickness body temperature changes plus shortness of breath accompanied the heat," said Miss Darsi, her nickname.

Until now she only drink febrifuge given by midwife in the local village. Meanwhile, according to neighbors Miss Darsi, admitted feeling surprised after chickens owned by Miss Darsi died suddenly. Abruptly also Miss Darsi fever.

"My people do not know anything about the disease as the bird flu (avian influenza.red) is. Fear of the disease will spread to the rest of the people around, "said Supardi, Miss Darsi neighbor.


Rapid Test Results, Chickens Positive Bird Flu - Bengkulu, Sumatra
Shared by dbg: http://rakyatbengkulutv.com/?p...

Tuesday, 18 September 2012 | 01:22

Discovery of 15 chickens that died suddenly on RT 12 RW 3 Lingkar Barat, directly communicated to the Head of Department of Agriculture and Livestock of Bengkulu, Arif Gunadi. Distanak immediately took to the field with the special teams. Two of them are vets. With the rapid test tested up to 3 times, the results are dead chickens tested positive for bird flu virus or H5N1 virus. Arif was immediately order residents to burn 15 tail chicken carcasses and provide disinfectant to residents to clean out the chicken coop.

As per bird flu standard operating procedure, chickens that positive bird flu must be destroyed. However, special compensation for destroyed chicken, Distanak not receive funds from the city government. Distanak only be appealed to the people to destroy or quarantine deliberation in live chicken and give disenfectant to the public for free.

Arif also appeal to people who want to kill disease disenfectant H5N1 bird flu virus, to come directly to Distanak located in Sawah Lebar, Bengkulu City.


Attacks Suspected Bird Flu, Chicken Hundreds of Sudden Death
 
http://cakrawalainterprize.com...

September 15th, 2012 |

Author: Horizon

Grobogan-Cakrawalaonline , Citizens Kemloko hamlet village in gegerkan Godong Kemloko districts with the sudden death of their chickens. Some residents claimed suddenly anxious pet chickens died suddenly. However, if in the view of phisiknya no signs of any illness. It's been a week of chickens died suddenly plague continues to haunt villagers Kemloko.

Meanwhile, the village chief (Kadus) Kemloko Agus Suyanto Friday afternoon (14/9) at his confirmation when confirming that within one week hundreds of residents owned fowl died suddenly for no reason. However, if in the view this morning chickens appear healthy, but during the afternoon the chickens already lay dead. So many people end up dead chickens reported to me and I continue to the village and to the midwife and to the relevant agencies.

When reporting to the relevant office then immediately followed up by spraying the drug from the office for three days. Then three days later the medicine runs out in order to service the request again. The number of chickens that died then I would suggest people to burn the chicken and in the grave as well as chicken coops residents asked for in besihkan use soapy water.

In addition, residents are also encouraged to wash hands use soap after holding a chicken. Death of the chickens can not be in the know of the disease because just yesterday taken for example to be investigated in the laboratory. To this day not yet know for sure why the chickens are dead.

The same thing also expressed by Supayo (50) at the time it wanted to feed chickens in the morning but when evening comes, our five chickens die immediately, continues at night there are eleven more dead chickens, our chickens now live one. And chickens were also followed by spontaneous death, he said.

From the description Kadus Kemloko total there are 171 chickens dead chickens consisted of 21 chickens belonging Supayo, 4 chickens owned Sunarto, 35 chickens owned by Pardi, 45 chickens owned by Darsi, 50 chickens belonging Kamsiah, 10 chickens owned by Tri Supah and 6 chickens belonging Saroh. (AWG)


Residents fret, hundreds of chickens died suddenly
http://solorayaonline.com/2012...

September 18th, 2012

Residents fret hundreds of dead chickens

Boyolali (Soloraya Online) - Hundreds of different types of chickens owned by residents in the Hamlet / Village District Bendan Banyudono sudden death. Residents suspect the death of the plague-stricken chickens. Thus, in two days, all the chickens in the village sold out.

According Suhayat (53) resident Bendan, originally a hundred chickens his desire not to eat and drink. Then came the swelling and edema of the face and eyes. Thick nasal mucus sticky and smelly. Consequently chicken sneezing and shaking head for nasal discharge accompanied by diarrhea.
"There is a foul-smelling pus in the eye that can be hardened around the nostrils," he said.

Disease came together on Saturday and Sunday (15-16/9), according Suhayat, the chickens died after his mouth to bleed.

It also has attempted to treat the disease. Namely using drugs from the store. But not too successful. The drug is only prolong the life of a chicken about five hours. If not diobat, pet chickens died immediately within three hours.

Other actions, it left the healthy chickens to a neighbor. But there came a day, chickens die, too. Apparently his neighbor's chickens were also many dead. As a result of this incident, it suffered a loss of about USD 10 million.

"I've melihara (cared for?) chickens for six months, but the whole chicken was expensive," he said.

To prevent the spread of the disease, it buried the chickens that have died. Suhayat hope, no interference from related offices the incident from spreading to other areas.

Meanwhile, when confirmed, Head of Department of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries (Disnakan) Darsono said it immediately to check the location. Over the incident, saying Darsono still apply procedures for controlling bird flu in the area by spraying disinfectant into the chicken coop owned by local residents. Residents are encouraged to impound the remaining poultry to anticipate. It has been placed at the site Disnakan officer for 24 hours to monitor the latest developments.

"If residents are found dead chickens so the officer should immediately report it immediately rapid test can be done," he said, adding the incident is expected to be a learning experience for local residents of the importance of cleanliness of the cages. (Yulianto)


97 Wonosobo Residents Suffer Bird Flu
http://www.suaramerdeka.com/v1...
September 19, 2012
WONOSOBO, Indonesia:  A total of  of 97 villagers in Plobangan, District Selomerto Wonosobo had bird flu on Wednesday (19/9).  Residents that were attacked were from three hamlets namely Hamlet Depok, Wonosobo, and Hamlet Plobangan Wetan.  All the victims were gradually examined by the medical teams at local village health centers.  Dozens of victims of that number are children of elementary schools and the rest are parents.  The Plobangan village head Ismail said this is the first time that cases of bird flu hitting some residents has happened.  He said more than 250 poultry breeds of chickens and ducks suddenly died suddenly in a week.  

"Handling is done every day. Village health centers are open 24 hours for service," he said.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Flutrackers has a great map relating to this story.
http://www.flutrackers.com/for...  

"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson

[ Parent ]
97 Residents Suffer Wonosobo Bird Flu
Hat tip to Gert van der Hoek: http://www.suaramerdeka.com/v1...

Google translation:

19 September 2012 | 12:12 pm
 
WONOSOBO, suaramerdeka.com - A total of 97 villagers Plobangan, District Selomerto Wonosobo bird flu on Wednesday (19/9). Residents attacked from three hamlets namely Hamlet Depok, Wonosobo, and Hamlet Plobangan Wetan

All the victims were examined by the medical team gradually local village health centers. Dozens of victims of that number are children of elementary school and the rest of the parents.

The village head Plobangan Ismail said cases of bird flu that hit some residents is the first time this has happened. He said more than 250 poultry breeds of chickens and ducks suddenly died suddenly in a week. "Handling is done every day. Village health centers we service open 24 hours," he said.

The team from the health department and animal husbandry department dispatched to the location. The case rose to the status of extraordinary occurrence (KLB) and all residents are asked to be aware of.
( Edy Purnomo / CN26 / JBSM ) 

Pasted from <>  


Bird Flu Attacks Poultry, Citizens Have Health Checks
http://krjogja.com/read/143685...
September 19, 2012
WONOSOBO, Indonesia:  As many as 97 people in three hamlets in Plobangan, District Selomerto, Wonosobo who suffer from the symptoms of bird flu have been checked at the village health post (PKD), Wednesday (19/9).  The inspection was carried out after the discovery of hundreds of birds, either chicken, duck, and stuck belonging to several residents, died suddenly.

"In recent days there were a lot of birds that died suddenly. Then a lot of people were suffering from the flu, with fever, heat, and coughing.  Residents immediately went to the PKD," Ismail told KRjogja.com Plobangan Kadesh on the sidelines culling, Wednesday (19/9).

After the Department of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries (Disnakan) Wonosobo ensured that the hundreds of birds that died suddenly were positive for bird flu, said Ismail, they immediately killed hundreds of other birds.  They also sprayed disinfectant in poultry cages.  

"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Three Villages in Wonosobo Bird Flu Outbreak

http://hariansemarang.net/inde...

September 20, 2012

Dozens of patients experienced primary school children and the rest of the parents.  Residents attacked from three hamlets namely Hamlet Depok, Wonosobo, and Hamlet Plobangan Wetan.

All the victims were examined by the medical team gradually local village clinic, Wednesday (20/9).

Plobangan village chief Ismail said the case of bird flu that hit a number of its citizens is the first time.
He explained that in the past week, more than 250 poultry breeds of chickens and ducks suddenly died suddenly.

The team from the health department and animal husbandry department dispatched to the location. . The case rose to the status of extraordinary occurrence (KLB) and all residents are asked to be aware of.

"Handling is done every day.  Village health center open 24-hour service, "said Ismail. (pur/pol) (Pur / pol)


United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Hundreds of Poultry in Wonosobo Sudden Death
September 20, 2012

http://regional.kompas.com/rea...

WONOSOBO, Indonesia: Hundreds of poultry in the village, District Selomerto, Wonosobo regency, Central Java, over the past few days found dead suddenly on Wednesday. Birds such as chickens, ducks, and wild duck belonging to several residents who died suddenly were allegedly infected with the bird flu virus.

Plobangan village chief, Ismail, on Thursday (20/09/2012), said, after finding dozens of dead birds suddenly are many people suffering from the flu with fever, and cough.

Residents immediately went to the nearest health center.

"Data while there are 97 residents in the village Plobangan who suffer from symptoms of bird flu and have it checked at the village health post (PKD)," he said.

Department of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries (Disnakan) Wonosobo immediately took to the field to make sure the situation.

As a result, hundreds of birds died suddenly the bird flu and should be immediately destroyed. In addition, continued Ismail, performed well throughout the spraying desinvektan poultry cages.  

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Bird Flu is Under Control; Expert Disagrees
September 24, 2012

http://www.thejakartaglobe.com...

The government is claiming success in its efforts to tackle avian flu despite almost half of all the deaths recorded around the world occurring in Indonesia. Bayu Krisnamurthi, executive chairman of the National Committee for Avian Influenza Control and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness (Komnas FBPI), told the Jakarta Globe on Wednesday that although Indonesia was leading the world in the number of recorded fatalities from bird flu, "the total number of reported cases keeps decreasing."

Since the virus first emerged in 2003, 138 people have died from infections in Indonesia, while the worldwide death toll is less than 300. In 2006 alone, more than 40 Indonesians succumbed to the H5N1 virus. In 2009, however, there were just 13 confirmed deaths from bird flu, the lowest number of fatalities since 2005.
"The virus is still sometimes found in poultry and occasionally in humans, but now people already know how to react and respond to the problems," Bayu said.

He said the improved awareness was proof that the campaigns promoted by the government were working well, and that people were learning about how to prevent transmission and what to do in the event of an outbreak. Bayu said that in a bid to better integrate programs relating to animal diseases that could be jump to humans, also known by the technical term zoonosis, Komnas FBPI's would be replaced when its mandate expired on March 13 with a National Committee on Zoonosis (Komnas Zoonosis).

"What we really need now is a stronger position to be able to not only make recommendations, but also act on those recommendations," he said, adding that the finer details, such as the new body's budget, were yet to be worked out.

Meanwhile, Chairul Anwar Nidom, a virologist with the Tropical Disease Center at Airlangga University in Surabaya, said the government's claims of success in controlling bird flu were premature.

"It depends on how you define the word success," he said. "If it means we have made progress, then yes, we are quite successful, but if it means bird flu in Indonesia is totally under control, then no, we're still far from being successful."

Nidom said that even though the number of human fatalities had declined in 2009, the virus remained endemic in poultry across the country.

"As long as the virus is still here, it still has the possibility to infect humans at any time," he said.

Nidom said bird flu persisted in the nation partly because the government's programs designed to combat its spread were disorganized and inefficient.

"Each ministry works independently, while they should be working together," he said.

"Bird flu is a very complex issue because it affects both the health and economic sectors."

According to Nidom, Komnas FBPI's successor should be granted more wide-ranging powers to make policy and directly implement it in the field.

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Indonesian Bird Markets on Cusp of Avian Flu Outbreak
http://www.sciencewa.net.au/to...
October 6, 2012
Indonesia:  NEW research has revealed an urgent need to improve biosecurity in live bird markets in Bali and Lombok to prevent future outbreaks of the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI or H5N1). Since emerging in 2003, HPAI has caused enormous poultry losses in Indonesia and has seen the country record more human HPAI-attributed deaths than any other.  Yet research by Murdoch University PhD candidate Johanna Kurscheid indicates lessons have not been learned.

"The level of biosecurity practiced at markets is extremely low. In our field observations, we saw little segmentation of bird species and frequent mixing of birds in cages, including ducks and chickens," Ms Kurscheid says.  "This is dangerous, as ducks don't show the same symptoms of HPAI as chickens and can be carriers. We also witnessed inadequate bird disposal, including dead birds left in cages, left next to cages or dumped into drainage areas.  In one market in Lombok we saw birds being slaughtered in the open, which is not good practice in terms of infectious disease control, as the main way humans have contracted HPAI is through slaughter of infected birds and handling of dead birds.  Basically, all traders engaged in a number of practices that could sustain virus circulation in live bird markets."

Questionnaires given to vendors, collectors (traders) and customers showed a distressing lack of awareness about the causes of HPAI or concern about the virus, with fewer than half of vendors able to provide a single way in which poultry could become infected.  Even more, vendors were highly unlikely to report suspicious or sudden bird deaths, with only 15 per cent in Bali saying they would alert authorities and 27 per cent in Lombok.  Ms Kurscheid's study also charted market interconnectedness.

"We used social network analysis, which enables the identification of markets with the highest incoming traffic-and therefore the highest potential to become infected-as well as those with the highest outgoing traffic-those most likely to spread the virus," she says.

Ms Kurscheid's talk, given as part of the Murdoch Veterinary & Biomedical Sciences Seminar Series, is even more vital given new research suggesting only a few mutations in the viral genome of HPAI H5N1 could facilitate human-to-human transmission, increasing the risk of a human pandemic.

"Overall, we urgently need to improve infrastructure and biosecurity in live bird markets and educate poultry traders in AI and good management practices in order to manage and prevent further HPAI N5N1-related human deaths," Ms Kurscheid concludes.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Eight Year Old Dies of Suspected Bird Flu
October 8, 2012
http://m.inilah.com/read/detai...
Bandung, Indonesia:  Tia Lia Lestari (8), of Kampung Ciganitri RT 4/4 sub Desa Cipagalo Bojongsoang Bandung regency, died on Saturday (10/06/2012).  Lia allegedly died from bird flu (H1N1).  This assumption is in line with the dozens of chickens that died suddenly in the village.

"In addition, one of the doctors who care for children in RSHS asked me who was raising chickens at home or in the past few days were there chickens that died suddenly?  And indeed in this ward, precisely at RT 2, since 4 October today there are dozens of chickens that died suddenly," said Entis Sutisna (40), a parent of the deceased Lia when he was found at his residence, Monday (08/10/2012).  According to Entis, children are often playing at RT 2 with his aunt called Rohimah (35).  The distance of their homes to RT 2 was only about 300 meters.  

"When the doctor at RSHS also asked, I said we do not raise chickens.   So could my child have been exposed to bird flu at RT 2 while playing there," he admitted.

Sutisna said it was early to tell what happened to his son.  On Friday (09/29/2012) then Lia began developing fever illness.  He took him to a doctor who practices near their home.  However, Lia's fever does not go away, and he brought back him to the doctor for the second time.  However, Lia's condition was getting worse, and the doctors raised their hands and advised Entis to take him to RSHS.

"My son was experiencing shortness of breath, dizziness and fever.  On Friday (10/05/2012) night, I take it to RSHS. Following treatment, including intravenous fluids, the disease does not go away," said Entis.

Then, at night, feeling tired, Entis intended to go home to rest.  While in RSHS, Lia's brother-in-law, Yono (25) awaited.  However, just as Entis reached his home, Yono called and let him know that Lia was in critical condition.

"Recently I got home, then I went back to RSHS.  Officials there suggested that Lia was immediately taken to have the autopsy report.  But after the hospital officials saw his room upstairs was full," he said.

Unfortunately, before getting back care, Lia's life, the boy who had just sat in class 2 SD's, was not helped.  Lia exhaled on Saturday (10/06/2012) at 9:45 pm.  

"My son died shortly after I was looking for a post mortem room," he said softly.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


8 Year Old Boy Bird Flu Suspect Death
http://bisnis-jabar.com/index....
October 8, 2012
BOJONGSOANG, Indonesia:  A boy named Lia Lestari (8) of Kampung Ciganitri, Cipagalo Village, District Bojongsoang, Bandung regency allegedly died from bird flu (H1N1) on Saturday (6/10).   The victim's father, Entis Sutisna, 40, said initially Lia suffered on Friday (29/9).  Later, his son was given drugs and recovered.

"However, starting Tuesday my son's pain was back," he said when met at his house on Monday (8/10).

At that moment, he took her straight to the doctor to be checked twice.  "My son was taken to the doctor twice.  But, when they examined the child on Friday, the doctors could no longer (do anything?) and referred him finally to  RSHS,"  he said.  On Friday (5/10) at 22.00 pm, they arrived at RSHS, and she was cared for.  "Until there she had to be handled by a doctor.  However, my son continued fever, stomach nausea, and shortness of breath," he explained.
New on Saturdays at 12.00 pm Lia died at RSHS.  "After Lia's death, the doctor inquired whether or not we had chickens in the house?   Then I said, that the first had a month back and had been cut (killed?)," he said.

Then, he continued, the doctor informed him that Lia was a suspected bird flu positive.  The victim's mother, Yani Maryani, 38, added that her son often played at his aunt's home in the RT02 Rohimah RW04.  

"There were a lot of dead chickens.  Maybe my son contracted this there," he said, adding that a lot of chickens had died since October 4.  "Earlier also there was a check from the government, about four chickens that died suddenly," he explained.

In the meantime, Head of Animal Health (Keswan) Department of Animal Husbandry and Agriculture Bandung regency, Euis Rohayani admitted his office had come to the scene and inspected that poultry that died suddenly and lived.

"For a while, the conclusion was that there were found suspected birds that tested positive for bird flu.  It was derived from the results of the quick samples," he said.

According to him, some samples will be examined during the first 14 days.  After that, the new note is much more suspected avian bird flu or not. Euis said that this region does not include the bird flu endemic areas.  However, he added, that with the discovery of the dead birds, then it will be endemic.  

"One was that included in the endemic area," he said.

He explained that when there are birds that die suddenly, people can directly report to the village or services if there are signs of sudden deaths of poultry, then they will move quickly to get down to the field.  Asked when bird flu had occurred in Bandung Regency, he said it happened in Cileunyi to two people in 2006.  

"They tested positive for bird flu and died," he said.

During the year 2011, there were eight areas in Bandung Regency infected.  The eight areas included the Village District Cijagra Paseh, Village Pangauban Katapang, Village Cileunyi Cileunyi Kulon District, village constable Cimaung District, Village District Margahurip Banjaran, Village Waluya Cicalengka District, Village Patrol Arjasari Sari subdistrict, district and village Maruyung Pacet.  Maria explained that most infections with bird flu were caused by the average free-range chicken.

"To prevent the spread of infection, the eight regions will be re-vaccinated for Avian Influence (AI / AI), including Newcassel Deases (ND / Tetelo).  Besides, we also provide biosecurity in each poultry cage belonging to farmers," he said, adding, all areas will be given the same biosecurity.

Graphing the spread of bird flu, usually occurs in early January-June and November-December.  "This happens because of bad climate and growing population without handling poultry biosecurity and good health," he explained.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Tia's Death Not Bird Flu
http://m.tribunnews.com/2012/1...
October 9, 2012
Bandung, Indonesia:  Hasan Sadikin Hospital (RSHS) confirmed that Tia (8), a patient from Bojongsoang, Bandung Regency, died of severe pneumonia and not due to the H5N1 virus or bird flu.  Therefore over at RSHS they handled Tia as well as other patients and he was not treated specially as a bird flu suspect patient.  RSHS Bird Flu Team Handling, Dr Sri Sudhawati, said that when he came to Emergency (IGD) RSHS, the patient was severely ill.  They were aware that the patient also had begun to decline and there was a problem in some organs such as respiratory illness and the heart rate was very fast also.

"Because there was respiratory failure, we decided to go into a pediatric patient intensive care unit.  And because the patient was experiencing stopped breathing, we installed tools to help breathing, but we could not (help?).  Due to the patient also suffering an infection in various organs and the leukocytes tended to be low," he said when met at RSHS Tuesday (9/10).

Related to the alleged suspect bird flu, Dr. Sri confirmed that in every case of respiratory disorders, patients who come are asked their history.  In fact they not only ask if there is a history of contact with dead birds, patients were also asked if there was contact with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB).  This rule must be made in emergency status, including the patient Tia.  And from the patient's history, there was no history of contact with dead poultry.

"Not all bird flu is pneumonia. We reiterate this patient had no history of contact with dead poultry.  The patient experienced severe pneumonia and is caused by other consequences," he said.

As reported, The patient Tia entered IGD RSHS on 5 October at 22:31.  And the patient was pronounced dead on October 6 at 11:00.  

"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


RSHS Says Tia's Death Not From Bird Flu
http://www.seputar-indonesia.c...
October 10, 2012
Jakarta, Indonesia:  The Hasan Sadikin Hospital (RSHS) Bandung has ensured (assured?) that the death of the patient Tia Lestari, 8, a resident of Bojongsoang, Bandung Regency, is not due to bird flu.  Bird Flu Handling Team at RSHS Dr Sri Sudhawati confirmed that the patient died due to pneumonia or severe lung disease.  

"The patient was not suffering from bird flu, he suffered from severe pneumonia.  Because before he had contact with poultry that died suddenly," he said when met at RSHS, yesterday.

The procedure is always performed when it is known that any patient experienced severe respiratory distress or pneumonia.  As reported previously, Tia allegedly died of bird flu.  While there were 15 chickens that died suddenly around the victim's house and his aunt, these were examined by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries (Disnakkan) Bandung regency.

Bandung Regency Chief Medical Officer (PHO) Achmad Kustijadi RSHS asserted that as a result of information, the cause of death of the victim is not bird flu, he said yesterday.  Even so officers and Disnakan Bandung District Health Office also performed related steps in anticipation of bird flu.  


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Cipagalo Residents Worry Bird Flu Virus
October 10, 2012

Bandung, Indonesia:  Pascameninggalnya TL (8), of Kampung Ciganitri RT 4 RW 4 sub Desa Cipagalo Bojongsoang Bandung Regency, which was allegedly caused by avian flu (H5N1), a resident of village fret though death toll from the virus has not been shown.

Especially when there are unknown chickens that tested positive for bird flu virus.  Of course we worry, despite similar disinfectant fluid sprayed by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries," said Henry Gunawan (37), a resident of RT 2, Wednesday (10 / 10/2012).

Moreover, they  have known since October 4 yesterday that a lot of chickens died suddenly in his village. Thus, he and his family chose to clean up the house and keep poultry cages, poultry, or pet birds.

"We'd better stop, before the incident.  Moreover, based on the news that I have seen in a variety of media, if any of the birds are found, then the area can be declared as endemic," he said.

Previously, there was never any here. Sehingga, dengan kejadian itu, dia dan warga kampung lainnya cukup terkejut. Thus, because of the incident, he and other villagers were quite surprised.

"From the first, then there are events like this.  I do not know what the cause is," he said.

After the Department of Livestock and Fisheries and the Department of Health directly intervened. Thus, although there is still a feeling of worry, he and other residents began to know the procedures for the handling of poultry, or how to handle if there is one resident who had a flu or fever who should be quickly brought to the nearest health center.

"Just as officers of the government came to spray enclosures while providing counseling," he said.

As reported previously, TL (8) of Kampung Ciganitri RT 4 RW 4 sub Desa Cipagalo Bojongsoang Bandung regency, allegedly died of bird flu (H1N1 virus). The victim died on Saturday (10/06/2012). This assumption is in line with the dozens of chickens that died suddenly in the village.

http://m.inilah.com/read/detai...


United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Residents Are Not Willing to Destroy Poultry With Bird Flu
October 23, 2012
http://www.antarabengkulu.com/...
Bengkulu, Indonesia:  Most Bengkulu residents who are owners of poultry infected with bird flu (H5N1) are still reluctant to voluntarily hand over the surviving poultry to be destroyed.

"Most of the area is still reluctant to give up pet poultry infected with the bird flu virus to be voluntarily destroyed for various reasons," said the Head of Department of Agriculture and Livestock of Bengkulu, Arif Gunadi, in the city of Bengkulu, on Tuesday.

He explained that the residents are not willing to destroy chickens, ducks, ducks and pet birds infected with bird flu virus for the reason that they love the poultry that are still alive.  

"In addition, people do not want to give up pet birds because they do not receive compensation for the destruction conducted en masse by officers," he said.

Bengkuly City Bird Flu Disease Control Team Distanak, Heni, said that they always ask all owners of poultry infected with bird flu virus to destroy their livestock.  

"The culling of poultry infected with bird flu virus is one effective way to break the chain of spread to other birds," he said.

As a result since most people do not want their poultry to be culled, the spread of bird flu virus in the city of Bengkulu is quite likely to quickly spread to several villages in October 2012.  

"The areas that tested positive for the bird flu virus were the Village Lingkarbarat, Bentiring, Kebunbeler, Sidomulyo, Dusunbesar and Timurindah," he said.

Of the six villages, only two people in Urban Beler Gardens were willing to voluntarily cull their chickens.  

"Nine chickens were culled because of my other nine have died from bird flu in two days," said Suminah, a resident of Beler Gardens.
 

"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Bird flu in Bengkulu
Friday, October 26, 2012

Bengkulu (Antara Bengkulu) - the Plague of the bird flu virus (H5N1) began to attack several districts in the Bengkulu City and caused the number of deaths of the chicken belonging to the resident to continue to improve.

The "poultry that was attacked by bird flu in October increased, finally we again found the existence" of the "chicken that died suddenly in the Nusaindah District, the" Pertanian" Service headword and Livestock Breeding of Kota Bengkulu, of Arif Gunadi. The chicken that died suddenly in this Nusaindah Kecamatan Ratuagung District numbering seven tails.

"Chickens that died suddenly this positive was attacked by bird flu after being carried out pengetesan with the fast test implement." So that this virus does not spread the official immediately burnt and sprayed disinfektan around the location of the discovery of this bird flu, he said.

The spreading of the bird flu virus that attacked the poultry in the Bengkulu City was classified as fast in October 2012. "Up to now around 100 poultries that were found positive bird flu in several districts in the Bengkulu City," he said. He said, to prevent the spreading of this bird flu apart from with disinfektan, his side also gave the understanding to the resident would this virus danger.

http://translate.google.com/tr...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Hospital Room Prepares for Bird Flu Patients
http://www.indonesiaheadlines....
November 4, 2012
Bengkulu, Indonesia: Regional General Hospital (Hospital) M Yunus Bengkulu has prepared special care to anticipate patient bird flu (H5N1) due to increased cases of bird flu in the area.

"We have prepared a special treatment room in anticipation of patients due to the increasing cases of bird flu in this area," said Director of Hospital M Yunus Bengkulu, Yusdi Zahrias Tazar Sunday.

He explained that the care provided space consists of two treatment rooms with a capacity of four beds.  "In addition, a team of medical personnel were prepared consisting of specialists in internal medicine, pediatricians, general practitioners, and nurses," he said.

Medical personnel on duty are a combination of several experts for handling bird flu patients requiring rapid and precise measures of the various areas of expertise.  While Head of Bengkulu Hospital Space Care M Yunus Bengkulu, Sin Vice Director explained that room conditions and medical teams are ready to serve when suddenly there is a bird flu patient.

"Every bird flu patient has been provided a variety of medical equipment such as monitors, regulator drip with intravenous fluids, and a ventilator to assist breathing," he said.

There are also people who suffer from symptoms of bird flu including cough, shortness of breath, body temperature reaching 40 degrees Celsius, sore throat, and no history of contact with bird flu positive poultry bird.  People who experience these symptoms are asked immediately to go to M Yunus hospital to get treatment right away.  Head of Bengkulu Department of Agriculture and Livestock, Gunadi Arif, said that during October 2012, 110 birds in this area that died suddenly were confirmed positive for the bird flu virus.

"Ironically, most people are not willing to cull surviving poultry voluntarily the despite bird flu virus, and it is difficult to control its spread," he said.  The regional spread of avian bird flu in Bengkulu City among others are in the Village Circle West, Great Village, Kebung Tebeng, Bentiring, Plow, Nusa Indah, East Beautiful, and Sidomulyo.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Bengkulu Health Department Alerts Officers About Bird Flu
http://www.mediaindonesia.com/...
November 16, 2012
Bengkulu, Indonesia: Bengkulu City Health Department has alerted officers to monitor the possibility of transmission of avian influenza virus from poultry to humans.

"We alerted some officials of the Health Department and Community Health Center to monitor the possibility of people who have contracted bird flu," said Chief Medical Officer Mixon Syahbuddin Bengkulu City, Friday (16/11).

Teams on standby to deal with avian influenza virus transmission to humans are made up of managers and the officials who are in the 20 area health centers.

"The teams who are tasked with handling bird flu are monitoring symptoms of bird flu transmission to family poultry infected with bird flu, if one is suspected, they should be directly referred to the hospital," he said.

In addition to monitoring the residents, the Department of Health is also working to provide counseling to residents to monitor the symptoms of transmission to family or neighbors in the area who discovered with bird flu.

"Thank God, from March 2012 to the present there is no bird flu transmission to humans, and we hope not to get more people infected with bird flu," he said.

Meanwhile, Chairman of the Bird Flu Disease Control Bengkulu Province, Emran Kuswadi, said the risk of transmission of avian influenza virus from poultry to humans in the area is high because most people are not willing to destroy their poultry voluntarily, although they are positive for the bird flu virus.

"As a result when live poultry with bird flu is not destroyed then there tends to be an increase in transmission to other birds and even the risk of transmission to humans," he said.

Transmission of avian influenza virus from poultry to humans may occur through the mucus in the mouth and nose as well as poultry manure that enters the human body through the eyes, nose or mouth of the patient.  When poultry are not infected with bird flu, especially during the rainy season, he asked the people to keep them in cages, avoid high humidity and disinfect cages that are provided by the Animal Husbandry Department.  Based on recent data, as many as 110 birds in the urban city of Bengkulu are positive for bird flu virus.  In addition, ten birds infected with positive bird flu were also found in the village Bandaratu Mukomuko district.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Bird Flu Plague in Tegal
November 27, 2012
http://www.suaramerdeka.com/v1...
Tegal, Indonesia:  The bird flu virus lately is endemic in some areas of Tegal.  As a result, thousands of ducks and chickens owned by communities have died suddenly.  These events, among other things, are in Pesurungan Lor Village and Village Kalinyamat Kulon, District Margadana.  One duck farmer, Darkoni (31) in the village Pesurungan Lor on Tuesday (27/11) said that the incidents are estimated to have taken place since the last month.  

"Initially ducks would not eat, then they became limp and dead.  Consequently egg production declined and farmers suffered considerable losses," he said.

It is also delivered by another breeder, Aris (30).  According to him, this time the breeder said there was social unrest.  Various attempts were made to address the farmers' virus attacks, namely by using drugs and separating ducks that have been infected.  However, the efforts have not been successful because there are a lot of dead ducks.  

"For dead ducks, then they were burned and dumped," he said.

Another breeder Bambang (28) added that in addition to attacking ducks, the virus also attacked chickens owned by residents.  Currently, about one-third of 400 of his ducks had contracted it. To avoid greater losses most farmers choose to sell ducks and some will move to diborokan ducks in the rice fields.

"We hope the relevant agencies will have addressed this soon with checks and provide medical aid to prevent this.  If left alone, farmers will be threatened with bankruptcy," he said.

Head of Kalinyamat Kulon Urban Governance Ari Wibowo said the accident occurred in the region.  Hundreds of chickens belonging to the residents died suddenly due to bird flu virus.  

"We are also demanding immediate solutions and the best effort," he said.

Acting Head of Department of the Marine and Agriculture, Ir hariyana, confirmed the issue saying that they were taking samples and testing in the laboratory in Yogyakarta.  But the result was positive for the bird flu virus.  Therefore, efforts are now made for prevention.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


16,000 Chickens Have Bird Flu
December 7, 2012
http://www.batampos.co.id/07/1...
Tanjungbatu, Indonesia:   Sixteen thousand laying hens in Batu 8, Tanjungbatu West, were destroyed by fire on Thursday (6/12).  The reason is that the death of these chickens were positive for bird flu or avian influenza (AI).  To anticipate the outbreak of bird flu, action was also taken by destroying dozens of chickens, dozens of eggs, and chicken manure that were buried.  Furthermore, the location of livestock in Batu 8 West Kundur were sterilized by spraying gas CO and sprinkling lime.  Head of Department of Animal Husbandry and Agricultural District Karimun Amran Sahidid admitted that the deaths of 16 thousand laying hens in Batu 8 West Tanjungbatu was from bird flu.  This was based on the results of the research workers in the field.  

"Three days earlier, there were 400 chickens that died suddenly.  But upon inspection, the results were negative," said Amran.

Head of Division (Head) Department of Animal Husbandry Riau Islands Province drh Honis Mandri said the deaths of 16 thousand laying hens in Kundur was because of the bird flu virus.  This is according to the results of rapid testa on Wednesday (5/12) with positive results of bird flu.

"They were destroyed by fire and buried.  Certainly no more people were in and out of the cage, even whole chicken eggs, chicken manure was buried," said Honis.

Honis insisted there was nothing to be covered on the discovery of a second case in the District of Kundur this time.  If covered, it is feared that it will cause unrest among the people.  

"Certainly these cases of bird flu have been handled professionally and locations are blocked," he explained.

Honis asked all farmers to be vigilant and always coordinate with livestock and security officers.  Also hygiene at farm locations continue to be improved.

"Hopefully, the cases are not wide spread.  Only we expect cleanliness to be maintained in the farms,"he said.  

From information collected, bird flu cases have occurred in previously 2006.  At that time, the number of laying hens with bird flu were around 600 birds.  So this indicated bird flu that was directly related to the anticipation.  Even the Animal Husbandry Department participated by bringing Veterinary Disease Investigation Laboratory Team from the Center (BPP-Vet), Bukit Tinggi.   To ensure, all poultry and egg production, including chicken manure has been destroyed so there is no need to worry about this anymore.  Ranches were isolated to avoid spreading the virus.  


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Indonesia Finds More Virulent Bird Flu Strain
http://medicalxpress.com/news/...
Indonesia:  "We found a highly pathogenic avian influenza sub-type H5N1 (virus) with clade 2.3." the agriculture ministry's veterinary chief Syukur Iwantoro said in the letter obtained by AFP. "This clade is a new clade found for the first time in Indonesia, that is very different to the avian influenza found before, which is clade 2.1."

A clade is a group of organisms, usually species, with a common ancestor.A poultry breeders' association had reported the death of more than 300,000 ducks in several provinces on Java island since November to the ministry. The veterinary office found the H5N1 virus involved was a different clade to that usually found in Indonesia, said Iwantoro's letter to local government offices and the World Health Organisation (WHO).Iwantoro called for further research into whether there had been a genetic shift in the virus previously found in the country, or whether the new strain originated overseas.

"There is a suspicion that the virus has spread from other countries, possibly from Vietnam or Thailand," Emil Agustiono, secretary of the national commission of zoonosis control that oversees bird flu, told AFP.

Health officials have told local governments to stop and check motorbikes and pick-up trucks commonly used to transport poultry, to try to reduce the spread of the virus.The health ministry has told local offices to be vigilant for more massive poultry deaths, or for deaths of people in the vicinity, its head of communicable disease Tjandra Yoga Aditama told AFP.
(more)

"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Residents Told to Be Aware of Latest Bird Flu Mutation
December 11, 2012
http://www.republika.co.id/ber...
East Java, Indonesia:  The head of the team of doctors handling the bird flu virus from Hospital (Hospital) Dr Soetomo has urged residents in East Java (East Java) to be alert to the latest bird flu virus mutation.  Vice Chairman of the bird flu team's physicians at Dr RS Soetomo, Dr. Laksmi Wulandari, says the latest bird flu virus mutation might happen.  It was, he explained, because of the uniqueness of the bird flu virus more than other flus.

"The virus can survive in bird feces up to 35 days in water temperatures from 0 to 30 degrees and the nature of any RNA virus where it is easy to mutate," he said, Tuesday (11/12).  Thus, according to him, it is only natural that the bird flu virus had disappeared and then came back with a new mutation.

In fact, in 2011, a researcher in the area of Sidoarjo bird flu, Dr. Ricardo, had found some sparrow bird flu from dirt that was studied.  This means that the mode of transmission of the virus that mutates is still happening.  With the findings of the deaths of hundreds of ducks in Central Java and East Java yesterday, it is the natural cycle of the bird flu virus.  The findings of a sparrow that was infected shows the dynamic mutation of the virus.  But fortunately, they found that the mutation of virus transmission is still between chickens.  

"The hope is that the findings are still transmission among ducks and birds," explained researcher Tropical Diseases Faculty of Medicine, University of Airlangga.  However, he also did not dismiss (the idea) that if the mutation of this virus continues to happen, then it does not close the possibility of transmission from poultry to humans.

To that end, he appealed to the people to keep doing the safety instructions when they suddenly find dead birds, especially in large quantities.  Among those are the burning of poultry carcasses and checking other birds.  When infected, they should be immediately destroyed by burning.

Dr RS Soetomo last treated patients with suspected bird flu in 2010.  However, since the emergence of bird flu patients in 2006, at least five patients were indicated positive for bird flu.  Of the five patients, three died and two were successfully treated.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Kulonprogo Hospital Suspects One Toddler Hit by Bird Flu
December 11, 2012

Kulonprogo, Indonesia:  House of Regional General Hospital (Hospital) Kulonprogo District has a toddler suspected of contracting bird flu.  The toddler who is from the District of Mercy and has fever and symptoms of bird flu was treated in Hospital Kulonprogo, early last month in December 2012.

"Hospital Admission on Sunday (2/12) was due to the heat and almost similar to the symptoms of bird flu.  Near his home there are no dead birds," said Bambang Haryatno, Chief of Kulonprogo Hospital, in his office, Tuesday (11/12 ).

Since there was no information about the dead birds, the hospital moved quickly to deal with the case as handling a bird flu patient.  Even blood samples were sent to Jakarta to be examined whether they were positive or negative bird flu.

"It was after his blood was checked, there were negative laboratory results of bird flu. The toddler was allowed to go home on December 4th," said Bambang.

Bambang explained they had to disseminate to the public to be alert to the symptoms of bird flu. Socialization is expected by society to be responsive and to bring citizens suspected of bird flu to the nearest health center or hospital.  So workarounds are not too late.

translated from
http://www.republika.co.id/ber...

 

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Bird Flu Alert in Indonesia
December 13, 2012
http://www.bangkokpost.com/bre...
Indonesia:  Indonesian authorities have stepped up bird flu monitoring after thousands of poultry have died on Java island in recent months, officials said Wednesday.  A strain of the highly pathogenic H5N1 virus was believed to have caused the deaths among poultry in Jakarta and other areas, said Emil Agustiono, the head of the National Zoonosis Committee.

"We are investigating whether the source of the outbreak were imported poultry," he said. "If it came from one source, it will be easier to contain.  We must remain vigilant and step up biosecurity to prevent its spread."

No humans had been infected by the latest strain detected on Java, said the Health Ministry's director for disease control, Tjandra Yoga Aditama.  He said the same mutation had also been found in Vietnam, Cambodia, Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Japan, South Korea and Hong Kong.

"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Indonesia Identifies New Strain of Bird Flu
December 13, 2012
http://www.voanews.com/content...
Jakarta, Indonesia:  Almost half of those who have died from avian flu have been in Indonesia. And, although it might seem as though bird flu has gone unnoticed, a new virulent strain has been found on the Indonesian island of Java.  In recent weeks, more than 300,000 ducks have died on the densely populated island of Java. The government has since confirmed the deaths were caused by a new and highly pathogenic strain of H5N1, or bird flu.  Dr. Rita M. Ridwan, the director of disease control at the Indonesian Health Ministry, says the government is working closely with relevant ministries to investigate further.

"So we are in close contact by sharing information, sharing the virus lab and even working together in the field to do field investigations," Ridwan explained.  "I know there are very alarming deaths in the duck population, mostly in the center of duck production by the traditional farming as well as in central Java and East Java."
(snip)

"We the experts, the researchers are still trying to find the answer," the doctor admitted.  "Why? Is that because Indonesians is too late coming to the health services?  Is it because the virus itself so virulent.  Or others things. Our researchers are still trying to answer this."
(more)


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


More virulent bird flu found in Indonesia
December 13, 2012 by Bryan Cohen

Indonesia's veterinary office recently identified a bird flu virus that killed hundreds of thousands of ducks in the last few weeks as a more virulent type that is new to the country.

A poultry breeders' association reported the death of more than 300,000 ducks since November in several provinces on Java Island. The H5N1 virus involved in the deaths was part of a clade that is not typically found in Indonesia, AFP reports.

"We found a highly pathogenic avian influenza sub-type H5N1 (virus) with clade 2.3," Syukur Iwantoro, the agriculture ministry's veterinary chief, said, according to AFP. "This clade is a new clade found for the first time in Indonesia, that is very different to the avian influenza found before, which is clade 2.1."

A clade is a group of organisms with a common ancestor.

Iwantoro called for additional research to determine if the virus genetically shifted from one previously in the country or if it came from other countries, such as Thailand or Vietnam.

Health officials are asking local governments to stop and check pick-up trucks and motorbikes used to transport poultry to attempt to stop the virus from spreading.

Bird flu can spread from birds to humans through direct contact, though experts worry the it could mutate into a form that transmits easily between humans. According to the World Health Organization, out of 359 worldwide human fatalities from bird flu since 2003, 159 of them occurred in Indonesia, AFP reports.

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


4 year old dies of suspect H5N1
DECEMBER 14, 2012 | 3:56 PM

Ministry of Health, Directorate General of Disease Control and Environmental Health announced a new case of H5N1 has been confirmed by the Center for Basic Biomedical and Health Technologies, Balitbangkes.

Case on behalf of the IT (male, 4 years old) residents of Kampung Nagreg, Gorowong Village, District Parung Panjang, Bogor regency, West Java. Dated 30 November 2012 symptoms of fever, December 1, 2012 the case went to Pustu. Dated December 4, 2012 because there was no change in the case of seeing a private doctor, dated December 5, 2012 morning the case went to the health center and in the afternoon the case was referred to the Private RSIA for hospitalization. Dated December 6, 2012 the case was referred to the Tangerang District Hospital because of fever, cough, and shortness. The situation gets worse case and the case eventually died at 23:40 pm.

Epidemiological investigations have been conducted into the hospital, and the case surrounding the Integrated Team MoH and local health service, possible risk factors that come in direct contact with poultry carcasses (entog) in the neighborhood.

With the increase of these cases, the cumulative number of bird flu in Indonesia since 2005 until this news broadcast is 192 cases with 160 deaths.

this artcle is translated
http://afludiary.blogspot.com/

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Boy 4 Years Old Dies of Bird Flu
http://sehatnegeriku.com/lapor...
December 14, 2012
West Java, Indonesia:  The Ministry of Health, Directorate General of Disease Control and Environmental Health has announced that a new case of H5N1 has been confirmed by the Center for Basic Biomedical and Health Technologies, Balitbangkes.  The case is on behalf of IT (male, 4 years old), a resident of Kampung Nagreg, Gorowong Village, District Parung Panjang, Bogor Regency, West Java.  On 30 November 2012 he had symptoms of fever, on December 1, 2012 the boy went to Pustu.   On December 4, 2012 there was no change in the case after seeing a private doctor.  On December 5, 2012 in the morning the boy went to the health center and in the afternoon the boy was referred to the Private RSIA for hospitalization.   On December 6, 2012 he was referred to the Tangerang District Hospital because of fever, coughing, and shortness of breath.  The situation worsened case, and the boy eventually died at 23:40 pm.

Epidemiological investigations have been conducted into the hospital, and the case surrounding the Integrated Team MoH and local health service.  Possible risk factors were that he came in direct contact with poultry carcasses (entog) in the neighborhood.
(snip)
Director General of Disease Control and Environmental Health, Prof. dr. Tjandra Yoga Aditama as the focal point of the International Health Regulations (IHR) has informed WHO about the case.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Two Persons Die of Bird Flu in Jogja
http://krjogja.com/read/154531...
December 16, 2012
Yogyakarta, Indonesia: The case of bird flu (H5N1) in the DIY in the past four months has left two people dead.  Both come from the Sleman district where one person tested positive for H5N1, and the other one is a suspect H5N1.  Head of Disease Control and Health Issues (P2MK) DIY Health Department Daryanto Chadorie revealed that one positive case of H5N1 occurred about four months ago in the area of Prambanan, Sleman.  The patient was a man about 39 years old who died in Bethesda hospital.

"The other one is still a suspect H5N1 case, a toddler.  Blood samples also were sent to health laboratories in Jakarta last week. Yet until now there has been no result," he said, Sunday (16/12)

According to him, because of the deaths of two people with bird flu, the case should have been declared an Extraordinary Incident (KLB).  However, the decision to declare the outbreak is contained in each county/city.

"Although there has been no declaration of bird flu outbreaks, the handling is done as an outbreak of bird flu in Prambanan.  When patients tested positive for bird flu, the epidemiological investigation (began) immediately," he said.

Meanwhile, the case of the death of a toddler allegedly because of AI was also expressed last week by H5N1 Team Prevention H5N1 Dr Dr. Dr. Sardjito Sumardi, SpPD (K).

"A week ago there was information that the infant suspected of bird flu would be referred to the department of Sleman Sardjito.  However not yet (before he) reached the department of Dr. Sardjito, the patient died. Due to the death not (occurring in) Dr Dr Sardjito, then we did not do a sample," he added.



"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Bird Flu Kills 4-Year-Old in Indonesia
http://www.news24.com/World/Ne...
December 18, 2012
Jakarta, Indonesia:  A 4-year-old Indonesian boy has died from bird flu, bringing the death toll to 160 in the country hardest-hit by the deadly virus, a health official said on Tuesday
(snip)

The boy died on 6 December in Tangerang city, just west of Jakarta, the capital, said health ministry official Rita Kusriastuti.  He developed symptoms of a cold and fever on 30 November and was treated at a public health center before being hospitalized the same day he died.  Kusriastuti said the boy, from the West Java district of Bogor, was believed to have been infected with the H5N1 virus after having direct contact with dead fowl around his house.
(snip)

Last week, Kusriastuti said a form of the H5N1 virus not previously detected in Indonesia had killed hundreds of thousands of ducks on the main island of Java.
(snip)

The new form of the virus is believed to have entered Indonesia through imported ducks, but Kusriastuti said it's also possible it may have evolved on its own from existing strains.
(more)


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Bird flu claims another life in Bogor
The Jakarta Post, Jakarta  National  Mon, December 17 2012

The Health Ministry announced on Monday that bird flu was the cause of death of a 4-year-old boy from Parung Panjang in Bogor, West Java. The victim, identified by initials IT, was the 10th person in the country to die from bird flu in 2012.

IT had suffered from high fever since Nov. 30. He was taken to a doctor and a private hospital but his condition showed no improvement. He was taken to Tangerang General Hospital in Banten province on Dec. 6, where he was declared infected by avian influenza.

After conducting an epidemiological research and field examinations, the ministry said that IT might have been infected by the virus through a duck's remains that were found around his house.

http://www.thejakartapost.com/...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Suspected bird flu victim in Semarang
Ainur Rohmah, The Jakarta Post, Semarang | Archipelago | Wed, December 19 2012, 7:55 PM

The Central Java Health Agency says it has received a report of a suspected case of bird flu in the province.

The 54-year-old man, a resident of the Sambiroto subdistrict, was currently under treatment at St. Elisabeth Hospital in Semarang, officials said.

"The man has been suffering from a cough, a cold and a high fever, with temperature above 38 degrees Celsius," Rorry Hartono, the agency's disease control and environmental health division chief, said on Wednesday.

More than 62,000 ducks have thought to have died from the H5N1 virus in 21 regencies and cities in the province as of Tuesday, according to officials.

Central Java Animal Husbandry Agency head Whitono said that the virus, which apparently mutated since it was brought to Indonesia via migrating birds, has spread quickly since the first case was reported in the province in September.

"This case is quite new because bird flu commonly infects chickens," he said.

The Central Java Agriculture Agency has distributed 9,300 liters of disinfectant, calling on farmers to report any ducks who have recently died to the agency. (cor/swd)

http://www.thejakartapost.com/...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Suspected bird flu victim in Semarang
Ainur Rohmah, The Jakarta Post, Semarang | Archipelago | Wed, December 19 2012, 7:55 PM

The Central Java Health Agency says it has received a report of a suspected case of bird flu in the province.

The 54-year-old man, a resident of the Sambiroto subdistrict, was currently under treatment at St. Elisabeth Hospital in Semarang, officials said.

"The man has been suffering from a cough, a cold and a high fever, with temperature above 38 degrees Celsius," Rorry Hartono, the agency's disease control and environmental health division chief, said on Wednesday.

More than 62,000 ducks have thought to have died from the H5N1 virus in 21 regencies and cities in the province as of Tuesday, according to officials.

Central Java Animal Husbandry Agency head Whitono said that the virus, which apparently mutated since it was brought to Indonesia via migrating birds, has spread quickly since the first case was reported in the province in September.

"This case is quite new because bird flu commonly infects chickens," he said.

The Central Java Agriculture Agency has distributed 9,300 liters of disinfectant, calling on farmers to report any ducks who have recently died to the agency. (cor/swd)

http://www.thejakartapost.com/...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


WHO Confirms 2 H5N1 Cases
December 19, 2012
http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidr...
In a sketchy monthly update, the World Health Organization (WHO) yesterday confirmed an H5N1 avian flu case in a 2-year-old Egyptian girl earlier this month and an H5N1 death in a 4-year-old Indonesian boy that local media had reported this week. The few details that the WHO provides about the girl, from Demietta governorate, are confusing. The agency lists her date of illness onset as Dec 3, but it also says she was hospitalized on Dec 1. It says she received oseltamivir (Tamiflu) on Dec 4 but doesn't specify whether she has recovered. Her case is Egypt's 11th this year, 5 of which have been fatal, according to WHO data. The Indonesian boy, from West Java, became ill Nov 30, was hospitalized Dec 5, and died Dec 6, the agency said. Indonesia has now confirmed nine H5N1 cases this year, all fatal. The two countries lead the world in 2012 H5N1 cases, with Vietnam, at four cases, reporting the third-highest number. Since 2003, the WHO has confirmed 610 cases, 360 of which (59%) have been fatal. The WHO's previous update was Nov 5. The agency recently said it would report global cases monthly.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson

Thousands of Ducks in Indonesia Die from H5N1
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/w...
December 19, 2012
Jakarta, Indonesia:  A senior official overseeing animal husbandry in Indonesia's East Java province confirmed Tuesday that the cause of the recent deaths of 11,000 ducks in the Kediri Regency was avian influenza.  The confirmation came up after the regency administration received results of examinations on bio-molecular samples of the ducks taken last month.

"We knew the results after received results of examinations conducted by a laboratory in Malang, East Java. Results from the other examination conducted by a laboratory in Yogyakarta had not been released," said Sri Suparmi, head of Kediri regency animal husbandry supervisory body.

She said that the type avian flu attacked the ducks in the regency was different from the other ones that attacked chickens and birds. She added that the virus attacking the ducks has gone through genetics changing.  According to Suparmi, the virus attacking the ducks was derived from H5N1 with genetic structure identified as Clade 2.1. Now the virus had already developed into Clade 2.3.

"Field observation efforts to identify factors that have changed the virus genetics code are underway at the moment," she was quoted by the Kompas.com.as saying.

The remaining ducks have not been vaccinated as local husbandry office doesn't have vaccine to prevent the clade 2.3 virus.
(more)


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Indonesia Attempts to Isolate New Strain of Bird Flu
December 20, 2012
http://www.theborneopost.com/2...
Jakarta, Indonesia: The Indonesian government would take measures to prevent the spread of the new strain of avian influenza virus, which is more virulent, China's Xinhua news agency reported yesterday.  The step was taken following the finding of the new clad of H5N1 virus after the death of over 320,000 ducks in some provinces in Java island which was reported since November.  Indonesian Trade Ministry will conduct tighter control over distribution of poultry from outside of Java island, said Deputy Trade Minister Bayu Krisnamurthy.

"We are cautious about the movement of poultry in Java. We must watch closely the movement of chickens and ducks (from Java island).  We must control it," he said.

Bayu asked the quarantine agency to control and supervise the distribution of the poultry to Java island from outside of the islands.
(more)



"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Male Bird Flu Suspect Isolated in Semarang
December 20, 2012
http://m.merdeka.com/peristiwa...
Semarang, Indonesia:  Suspected (of contracting the) bird flu virus, a man with the initials of Semarang District Court is undergoing treatment at the Bubble Vincent Elizabeth Hospital in Semarang, Central Java.  The male patient came with symptoms and complaints of cough, cold and hot with high temperatures.   He was hospitalized Monday (17/12) until now.

"The patient has a farm in the area Bergas, Semarang regency, with three or four dead chickens. Fearing his condition and his shortness of breath, the man reported," said Public Relations Elizabeth Hospital Semarang Probowati Tjondronegoro reporters in his office, Thursday (20/12).

Personnel at RS Elizabeth finally reported to the City Health Office (DKK) Semarang that directly fielded a team to inspect the condition of the Constitutional Court.  Based on the results of the photo such as piston Elizabeth Hospital and the other shows the patient's condition is
good.  While the results of the examination of the DKK team are still undergoing laboratory tests, the results will be known on Saturday (22/12) tomorrow.

"If there is a (positive result), then we'll move (refer) to RSUP Kariadi because there is a room for tackling patients with suspected suspect bird flu," he said.

Chief Medical Officer (PHO) of Central Java Province Anung Sugihantono describes that this is the first time in the year 2012 that a confirmed case of suspect bird flu that hit the man with the initials MK in Elizabeth Hospital.

"In epidemiology, the Court considers this suspect because of a history of contact with dead poultry.  Governance (patients) as well as bird flu, its handling is split," he said on Thursday (20/12).

Examination of the health department has been done.  But the results of the examination of suspected bird flu or H5N1 could only come out on Saturday (22/12) future.

"We have not yet dared to make sure the relevant (MK) contracted the bird flu virus and is a suspect. Let's wait for the result on Saturday (22/12) tomorrow," he concluded.



"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


15-Year-Old Bird Flu Suspect Isolated in Central Java Hospital
Affected by Bird Flu Virus, ABG Resident Isolated in Kendal
December 22, 2012
http://m.merdeka.com/peristiwa...
Central Java, Indonesia:  For the second time, a resident in Central Java is suspected of bird flu virus and isolated in hospital.  The second victim this time is an older new child (ABG), 15 years old.  The boy, with initials MAK, had to be treated in hospital isolation room at Doctor Soewondo Kendal Regency, Central Java.

Doctors Hospital Soewondo Kendal PR, Endang Setyorini confirmed to merdeka.com on Saturday (22/12) that the patient came to the hospital on Friday (21/12).  The patient complained of head dizziness, cough, runny nose and body high heat.

"His complaint was initially really like the common flu.  However, the fact that the complaint appears to say there were a lot of birds in the surrounding environment that died suddenly, the patient was immediately placed in isolation.  We are concerned if this is positive bird flu," he said.

According to Muarifin (15), who is a relative of MAK, the patient comes from Pare district of Kediri Regency, East Java.  Since Monday (17/12) he and MAK were at the home of relatives at Hamlet Dodokan RT 2 RW 5 Navan Rural District Patebon Kendal to attend a niece's wedding.

"But on Friday morning MAK suddenly complained of pain.  It is a fact we had never been in direct contact with poultry but often by chance we see a duck coop adjacent.  Before complaining hot, so amazing.   On Thursday we even had time to play PS (playstation) together. MAK was brought to the health center, but was subsequently referred to the hospital," said Muarifin.

Deputy Director of Field Services Kendal Soewondo Doctors Hospital Saeikhu said that in addition to the space, a special diet for the patient is also considered so his condition does not drop.

"Currently, blood and saliva samples of the patient are being conducted for laboratory tests in hospitals Dr. Kariadi Semarang.  Samples have been sent.  To determine if it is positive or not, we wait for the results," said Saekhu.

Shaeku added that MAK is the first patient in Soewondo Hospital in 2012 suspected of bird flu. But to anticipate the surge in bird flu suspect patients, they have set up some other isolation.
Previously, as reported to merdeka.com, Kendal DVO poultry in six states had tested positive for bird flu.  Additionally there were Patebon, the District Weleri, Rowosari, Cepiring, South Kaliwungu and Brangsong.

With suspect MAK, the Kendal resident is isolated due to the AI virus in Central Java had two patients undergoing treatment in the isolation room at the two hospitals. The first alleged AI suspect victim was MK, a Bergas citizen, Semarang regency who is a poultry farmer.  MK is undergoing treatment in the isolation room Semarang Elizabeth Hospital since Thursday (20/12) as a suspect patient who complains of AI-like virus.

"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


New Bird Flu Virus May Have Been Brought by Migrant Birds
December 26, 2012
http://sains.kompas.com/read/2...
Yogyakarta, Indonesia:  A virus that has attacked thousands of ducks in Central Java, Yogyakarta and East Java is indicated that it is caused by a new variant of the bird flu virus.  This virus has begun attacking other birds such as chickens and quail.  Expert Faculty of Veterinary Virology, Prof. drh.  Widya Asmara, SU, Ph.D., said that in some cases, deaths occurred in ducks, most of the AI was caused by a new virus subtype H5N1 clade 2321.
According to him, 2321 Clade virus mutation is not the result of AI virus clade 2.1 which previously has been endemic in Indonesia.  

"Certainly, there is a a new virus in Indonesia," he said Wednesday (26/12).  He explained that the virus is already spreading in the year 2010 in the regions of Nepal, India, Bangladesh, and China.  Meanwhile, in 2011 the new (one) was found in Fukushima Japan.  Certainly this virus was in Indonesia by mid-late 2012's.  Likely the 2321 clade viruses are carried by wild birds migrating from Asia to Indonesia or because of trade between countries," he said.

Meanwhile, at the same place, epidemiologist BBVet DIY, Putut Djoko Purnomo said the attack of AI subtype H5N1 clade was found in 2321 beginning last September in Central Java.

"In their own DIY the number of ducks dying from it reached 4700 tails spread over three districts namely Kulonprogo, Bantul and Sleman," he said.

Until now they were still doing research on non-duck poultry that died suddenly.  He urged poultry farmers in the region to continue to perform DIY disinfectant regularly to avoid new virus attacks.  Why, because so far they have not found a vaccine against this new virus.

"Based on the results of the laboratory, the AI virus subtype H5N1 clade 2321 is more virulent than the previous virus AI clade 2.1," he concluded.



"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


New strain of avian flu kills thousands of ducks in Java
Posted on 27 December 2012

JAKARTA (Dec 27, 2012): Thousands of ducks in Yogyakarta, Central Java and East Java have been killed by a new strain of the H5N1 avian flu virus over the last four months, a research and laboratory test conducted by the Veterinary Center (BBVet) in Yogyakarta has confirmed.

BBVet epidemiologist Putut Djoko Purnomo said there were suspicions that the new avian flu strain was also attacking other species of birds, including thousands of chickens, in Yogyakarta.

"There have been reports of sudden chicken deaths, but we are still examining if they were caused by the new virus," Putut was quoted as saying by the English daily, The Jakarta Post, on Thursday.

He said the new strain was identified as H5N1 clade 2.3, which reportedly only attacks ducks.

It is described as more malignant than H5N1 clade 2.1, which had been killing chickens. The initial attack of this new virus in three provinces was noted in September 2012.

So far, 113,700 ducks have reportedly died because of the virus in the three provinces - Yogyakarta, Central Java and East Java - over the last four months.

Some 64,000 ducks died in Central Java, 45,000 in East Java and 4,700 in Yogyakarta. As a preventive measure, Putut has suggested that farmers use disinfectant, cull infected birds and monitor bird traffic.

Fumigation, he said, would not have significant results. Indonesia, according to Putut, does not yet have the vaccine for the new virus, which was first found in Nepal in 2010 and was later spread by migratory birds to India, China and Japan.

It spread throughout Asia and finally reached Indonesia by the end of this year.

http://www.thesundaily.my/news...


United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Thousands of Chickens Infected with Avian Flu
Thousands of Chickens Infected with Avian Flu  

Thursday, 27 December, 2012

TEMPO.CO, Jakarta: The Ministry of Agriculture has confirmed that thousands of chickens that suddenly died last week were contracted with the bird flu virus. However, it cannot be confirmed whether the virus is a new variant of the N5H1 virus or a pre-existing type.

Director of Animal Health at the Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health, Pujiatmoko, said that test results showed the cause of death of the chickens is bird flu. "The clade or code is not necessarily the same as the one which infected the ducks the other day," he said after a seminar on "Prospects of Agricultural Development 2013", at Tower 165 in Jakarta, yesterday.

Pujiatmoko explained that the chickens which died in Tangerang and Bogor were in the same cage as the ducks that were infected with bird flu. Therefore, the Ministry of Agriculture immediately gave out memos to prevent the virus from spreading.

snip

Prior to these deaths, the government was preoccupied by the death of hundreds of thousands of ducks in a number of areas due to a new type of avian flu virus.
The Avian influenza or bird flu virus has been an endemic in Indonesia since 2003. The virus - coded Clade 2.1 Sub-Clade 2.1.3, only attacks chickens. But the AI virus that attacks ducks is of a different type, coded Clade 2.3.2, which causes high mortality among ducks.

http://www.tempointeractive.co...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Tasikmalaya Bird Flu Alert
December 29, 2012
http://www.republika.co.id/ber...
Tasikmalaya, Indonesia:  The County Government Tasikmalaya, West Java, is on alert following the outbreak of bird flu epidemics of the death of ducks in the area.

"This case has already led to the avian flu, so people should keep and report ducks that die if for us immediately to deal with," said Head of Animal Health and Veterinary Public Health, Department of Animal Husbandry, Fisheries and Maritime Affairs, Tasikmalaya District, Idik Abdullah on Saturday .

He said there are three sub-communities with bred (breeding?) ducks that suddenly died in a period during December, 2012.  He explained that the region first reported death of ducks as many as 20 birds in the Jamanis District, then in the District Sukaratu many as 40 ducks.

"Now the new cases in the District Cisayong were reported since Wednesday (26/12), to date there are161 dead ducks," he said.

Anticipation for the death of ducks is not widespread, and related office workers are spraying disinfectant in every bird cage within a radius of 500 meters from the location of a dead duck.
Further monitoring of other areas of concern is done by service officers where there is a similar case.  Then they disseminate to the public how to handle dead animal birds.

"We continue to be vigilant with precaution, worried that the virus that attacks the ducks could be transmitted to humans," said Idik.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Government Should Anticipate Moving Soon New Kind of Bird Flu
December 30, 2012
http://www.rmol.co/read/2012/1...
Indonesia: The government should immediately anticipate the spread of bird flu virus that is caused by a new virus subtype H5N1 AI clade 2.3.2, following the bird flu that has infected poultry in nine provinces.

"It must be anticipated and solved in order to (prevent?) the spread of the virus.  We are able to tighten controls at the entry and exit of poultry, especially those from the infected area," said a member of Commission IV of the Prosperous Justice Party (PKS), Abdul Hakim, to the Rakyat Merdeka Online moments ago (Sunday, 30/12).

The judge asked the government, local governments and stakeholders to coordinate immediately to prevent the further spread of this virus.  If necessary, an effort to allegedly destroy poultry infected with bird flu virus will have to be done.  In addition to preventing the spread of infection with this virus, it is also in order not to infect humans, because the H5N1 virus is very dangerous considering it is easy to spread and mutate into a new one.

As you know, the bird flu virus attacks are caused by a new virus subtype H5N1 AI clade 2.3.2 that has spread to nine provinces.  The nine provinces of the bird flu outbreak with this new clade are West Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, Banten, Lampung, Riau, West Sulawesi and South Sulawesi.  In addition to already spreading quickly, the new bird flu virus H5N1 clade (type of gene) 2.3.2 has also caused losses of billions of dollars.  The plague losses suffered by farmers are ducks and water fowl that reached Rp1, 5 billion more.  The total loss was obtained from the survey conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture (Ministry of Agriculture) as the suspected disease is worse than the disease long clade 2.1.3 H5N1 virus.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Four Cases of Bird Flu Appear in Magelang
http://www.metrotvnews.com/met...
December 31, 2012
Magelang, Indonesia:  A total of four cases of bird flu have emerged in Magelang regency, Central Java, during the period of 2012.  The four cases, according to the Head of Animal Health and Veterinary Department of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries (Dispeterikan) Magelang John Manglapy appeared in four districts, namely Tegalrejo, Grabag, Greetings, and Salaman.  In District Tegalrejo, cases of bird flu appeared in the Village Kedawung in April.  In District Grabag, bird flu appeared in the village and in the District Salam Losari bird flu cases appeared in the village Jumoyo in November.  Finally, cases of bird flu appeared in December in the village Margoyoso, District Salaman.

"Actually, there are quite a lot of reports of poultry that died suddenly.  However, only four villages were positive AI (avian influence)," he said on Monday (31/12).

As mentioned, of the four cases, the positive dead birds for AI were 70 tails.  However, when compared to previous years, the rate of appearance of bird flu cases in the District of Magelang tends to decrease.  Based on the local Animal Husbandry Department, in 2007 there were 55 cases of AI in Magelang District, in 2008 there were 35, 2009 there were 11, in 2010 there were 21, in 2011 there were 2, and in 2012 there were 4.

"The cases of AI at times can be increased given the current rainy season as well as the pattern of cattle with animal indulgence," he said.

To overcome that, they regularly gave the vaccine to a number of farms as antibodies for poultry.  However, if it were the case, they immediately sprayed disinfectant to localize the virus and prevent the disease from spreading.  Spraying is usually done for seven consecutive days in a location that tested positive for AI.  

"Spraying is conducted over the incubation period of between 3-5 days. This is so that the virus does not spread more widely," he said.

Currently in service there is still available 60 liters of disinfectant.  They are asking for additional disinfectant from provinces to anticipate the potential emergence of bird flu.  


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


There Are No Lampung Residents Infected with Bird Flu
http://regional.kompas.com/rea...
January 3, 2013
Bandar Lampung, Indonesia:  Although cases of poultry deaths due to avian influenza are rife in Lampung lately, so far there are no cases of people infected.

"Thank God, still nothing.  For there have been no cases of human bird flu suspects  during 2012-2013.  For a few years, Lampung is still free from infection cases of bird flu in humans," said Health Department Public Relations Asih Hendrastuti Lampung Province, Thursday (3 / 1/2012).

The emergence of cases of people suspected of contracting bird flu in Lampung last occurred in 2010.  Then in 2005, three Lampung residents tested positive for bird flu.  However, the number of cases continues to decline in recent years.  Although it is down, Lampung Provincial Health Office remains wary of the possibility of the spread of the bird flu virus to humans, especially with the rampant cases of dead ducks lately due to a new strain of avian influenza.

"Lampung now chooses a special facility for handling suspected cases of bird flu.  The facility that was completed was Hospital Abdul Moeloek," said Asih.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Cilegon Bird Flu Suspect
January 4, 2013
http://www.radarbanten.com/bet...
Cilegon, Indonesia:  The public is asked to increase their vigilance against bird flu.  This is because the disease caused by avian influenza (AI) is thought to have begun infecting people.
Yesterday, Purnama Sari Indah (22), a resident of Environment Ciberko, RT / RW 02/02, Village Kalitimbang, District Ciberer, was declared a bird flu suspect.  Since Wednesday (2/1), Purnama experienced fever, dizziness, and shortness of breath.  He suffered this after discarding some of his birds and poultry that died suddenly.
 

"It's been a few days my chickens, ducks, and pigeons died suddenly.  Originally they had seizures with blue eyes, and then died.  Fearing the end I threw the carcasses into the river near the house.  I threw the chicken carcasses last Wednesday (2/1) afternoon," Purnama told the clerk at the Department of Agriculture and Marine (Disperla) Cilegon who visited yesterday.

After hearing Purnama's explanation, the officer immediately checked his blood birds.  The Disperla officer who arrived related reports of the birds that died suddenly in Kalitimbang.  

"I did have a report to Disperla that my birds died suddenly.  I suspect that the chickens and ducks had bird flu, even now it seems I am also affected by bird flu," said Purnama.

He admitted that he had to check his health to the health center Ciberer.  Personnel referred him to the hospital clinic Cilegon, on Village Panggungrawi, District Jombang.  In the Cilegon hospital Purnama had a blood test.  Unfortunately, he claimed not to know the results of the test.  

"After the blood was taken, I went home.  The problem is, after the blood tests at night, I want to break a strong baseball," he complained.

Hospital Director Dr. Zainoel Arifin Cilegon contacted last night said the blood tests performed in the Ministry of Health Laboratory (MoH).  

"Directly we send this to the Ministry of Health, because we do not have the tools for the observation of bird flu," he said.

Meanwhile, Head of Control and Environmental Health (P2PL) at the Department of Health (PHO) Cilegon Retno Windarwati admitted monitoring the progress of the illness Purnama. Therefore, he was not sure when Purnama (contracted?)  H5N1 virus (bird flu).  

"The processed blood tests are the property of Purnama, until now we have not received the results.  Because of the illness has not been confirmed that Purnama has bird flu," he said.  "We are also awaiting the results of the examination by Disperla Cilegon related the the birds that died suddenly.  If the birds died from bird flu, we will take precautions so it will not attack humans," added Retno.

In the meantime, Head of Animal Health (Keswan) and Public Health Feteriner (Kesmafet) on Disperla Cilegon Dr. Dina Safitri Animals recorded more than 20 birds and chickens that died suddenly in the Citangkil and Ciberer.  They are now investigating the case.  

"We've taken some blood samples.  Now we must test to find out if indeed this is a bird flu attack," he said.

Dina said the case is different from previous years.  This time the alleged attack of bird flu is more contagious to waterfowl, namely ducks.  

"Usually it is attacking chickens, but now the water fowl get this attack," he said.

He said Cilegon is not an endemic area of bird flu.  Moreover, during 2012 it accounted for only ten cases of alleged reports of bird flu.  Nevertheless, he asked people to keep improving alertness.  Therefore, this rainy season increases the potential for bird flu.  

"The attacks of bird flu are common in the rainy season.  Therefore, I hope people who raise poultry are more diligent in cleaning cages, washing well with coir.  Birds must always be in the cage, so that if there is a sudden death, it does not spread to other areas," he said.  


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


KPK Detains Ex-Health Ministry Director in Bird Flu Vaccine Case
January 07, 2013

The Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) detained the Ministry of Health's former director for medical services Ratna Dewi Umar on Monday, almost three years after she was named a suspect in an embezzlement scandal that cost the state some Rp 12 billion ($1.2 million) in losses.

Ratna stands accused of marking up the costs of medical equipment in 2007 that was needed in case of a widespread outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus. The ministry had set up a H5N1 division at its crisis response center to deal with a possible outbreak as the nation stared down a serious threat.

The center was being funded at the height of Indonesia's bird flu epidemic. The virus had killed more than 100 people in Indonesia by the end of 2007. The nation remains the hardest hit by the H5N1 virus and is home to 159 of the 359 human fatalities reported worldwide to the World Health Organization.

But, according to the KPK, health officials were allegedly siphoning funds off bird flu procurement projects. Ratna was named a suspect in May of 2010 for her alleged role in the embezzlement.

Crisis center head Rustam Syarifuddin Pakaya was also named a suspect in the case.

Ratna told journalists that she was eager to put her legal troubles behind her. She denied the charges.

full article
http://www.thejakartaglobe.com...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


House Balks at Extra Funds For Graft-Hit Vaccine Plant
January 08, 2013

Legislators have questioned the government's move to seek increased funding to complete the construction of a stalled bird flu vaccine plant, arguing that the initial funding is still mired in allegations of markups and corruption.

Ribka Tjiptaning, the chairwoman of the House of Representatives' Commission IX, overseeing health affairs, said the House would not approve an increase, despite the government's justification that the facility was needed to address bird flu cases in nine provinces.

"We didn't even approve the funding request at the national level, let alone for the regional level," she said on Monday.

Ribka, from the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P), said legislators might be willing to reconsider the new funding request if the government provided a clear explanation about the potential state losses incurred from the initial phase of the vaccine plant project.

Agung Laksono, the coordinating minister for people's welfare, previously said that the government needed additional funding to produce vaccines in an effort to tackle bird flu cases in West, Central and East Java, Yogyakarta, Banten, Lampung, Riau, West Sulawesi and South Sulawesi.

Health Minister Nafsiah Mboi warned late last year that her office had identified a new strain of the avian influenza virus that was found to attack ducks that were immune to the more common strain.

The new strain has been blamed for the deaths of thousands of poultry, although none of the 10 human fatalities from bird flu last year has been attributed to it.

Nafsiah said her ministry needed to boost the capabilities of its laboratories to study the new strain, in anticipation that it could mutate to affect humans.

"Right now we're increasing the capabilities of our existing laboratories," she said last month.

"That means there shouldn't just be one laboratory in Jakarta that can detect [the new virus strain], but our network of 42 laboratories across Indonesia should also be able to do so."

http://www.thejakartaglobe.com...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Avian Flu Budget Jumps 86 Percent
January 9, 2013
http://www.tempointeractive.co...
Jakarta, Indonesia:  The Ministry of Agriculture has allocated Rp 9.9 billion to combat avian flu this year.  The budget is 86.7 percent higher than last year's Rp 5.3 billion.

"The fund is sourced from the budget of contagious animal disease control," Director General of Livestock and Animal Health at the Agriculture Ministry, Syukur Iwantoro, said yesterday.

Some of the funds will be used to produce vaccines for a new type of bird flu virus that attacks ducks.  Syukur said the vaccine will be made in the first week of February.  To produce the new vaccine, the government is collaborating with four vaccine manufacturers and private clinics community health centers in Surabaya.

"The vaccine will be distributed to farmers for free," he said. He also said that the new vaccine could be made in 35 days.

The Ministry of Agriculture stated that 190 thousand ducks died from bird flu last year. The number accounts for 0.38 percent of the national duck population. The virus spread in nine regions, including Central Java, East Java, West Java and South Sulawesi.

However, the Indonesian Entrepreneurs Association of Local Poultry (Himpuli) showed a higher number.  Himpuli Chairman, Ade Meirizal Zulkarnain, said that local farmers have reported the death of 500 thousand ducks in 12 provinces.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Anticipating H5N1 25 Million Doses of Bird Flu Vaccine Prepared
http://bangka.tribunnews.com/2...
January 9, 2013
Jakarta, Indonesia:  The Ministry of Agriculture has prepared 25 million doses of bird flu vaccine as a precautionary attack against clade 2.3.2 H5N1 that has caused 242 thousand ducks to die.  Currently, the vaccine is still in the stage of the process of producing a vaccine made by the government and five private companies that include Vaksindo, Medion, Caprivando, Sanbio and Pusvetma Ministry of Agriculture.

"The vaccine will be given to 12.5 million ducks from the overall population of ducks that have reached 50 million. Every duck needs 2 vaccines," said Muhammad Azhar and Chairman of the Management Unit of the Ministry of Agriculture AI Control in Jakarta, Wednesday (9/1 / 2013).

The government will help give the vaccine only to groups of entrepreneurs in small and medium scale, while a relatively large (number) are not getting any help.  The vaccine price per dose is only between 300-500 per dose.  He added that the bird flu vaccine still provides protection long enough, though it is not a high (very effective?) against the new virus.  Yet the presence of this vaccine is still a challenge due to the fact that this type of bird flu could strike other chickens and humans, although in Indonesia this has not been found.

"Not just for the ducks, there must be a commercial chicken prevention effort for chickens, this should improve bio security, if they are attacked very heavily.  Though the vaccine in February 2012 has not hit people," he said.



"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Regions warned of new strain of bird flu
 Thu, January 10 2013

Most regions across the country have now begun taking measures in anticipation of the spread of a new strain of the avian flu virus which has killed thousands of ducks over the past few months.

The new virus has been identified as H5N1 clade 2.3.2.

The Cirebon regency administration has set up a special team for bird flu prevention comprising 80 members, 17 of whom are veterinarians, and they have been deployed to promote the vaccination program in all villages with duck and chicken farms in the regency

"Through this measure we want to make sure that Cirebon will be free of bird flu," head of the local agriculture and husbandry office Ali Effendi said on Wednesday.

In Bantul, Yogyakarta, farmers got together on their own initiative to carry out a self-funded vaccination program to prevent the spread of the new virus.

Ngadiman, chairman of the Gunungan, Bantul, branch of the farmers' group Sejahtera, said his group had asked their 30 members to administer vaccines to poultry with the help of veterinarians

"If bio-security and vaccination measures are conducted routinely, the possibility [of the poultry] being infected will be relatively small," a local chicken breeder, Yosafat, of Srigading, Sanden, Bantul, said.

The local agriculture, husbandry and forestry office has also distributed free disinfectants to spray poultry cages.

The new virus strain has killed more than 1,000 ducks in Bantul. The same strain also reportedly killed hundreds of ducks in Yogyakarta, Central Java and in East Java.

Central Java Animal Husbandry Agency head Whitono said that the vaccine for the new virus strain would be ready to distribute to farmers in the province early in February.

The master seed of the vaccine, which was developed in Sukoharjo, Central Java, last December is currently being mass-produced at the Agriculture Ministry in Jakarta.

The provincial administration has recorded nearly 200,000 cases of duck deaths in 28 regencies and cities since September 2012.

In West Kalimantan, a province declared bird-flu free in 2010, a total ban on bringing in poultry from other provinces has been put in place.

"Thank God, we are still free from new cases, including from the clade 2.3.2," West Kalimantan Animal Husbandry and Health Agency head A. Manaf Mustafa said.

Agriculture and husbandry authorities in Lampung have also taken similar measures as the province is home to thousands of poultry farms that supply Jakarta.

Over 6,000 ducks were reported to have been infected with the virus in Lampung's three regencies of South, Central and East Lampung.

In Lampasi district, Payakumbuh, West Sumatra, known as the province's main production center of poultry products, the virus killed nearly 2,000 ducks in December 2012, while in Sidenreng Rappang (Sidrap) regency, South Sulawesi, some 25,500 birds have reportedly died since December 2012.

Sidrap Animal Husbandry Agency head Asis Syam said on Wednesday the figure continues to increase. He also said the exact toll could be higher than recorded as many cases were not reported because farmers thought their poultry died of another disease known as tetelo.

In Depok, the administration anticipates the spread of avian flu, which had reportedly struck parts of neighboring Bogor and Tangerang.

"We have asked subdistrict chiefs to maintain hygiene at poultry farms and for the farmers to separate chickens from ducks, which are more prone to the current epidemic," said Zalfinus Irwan, head of the municipality's husbandry, fisheries and agriculture agency.

The agency officials are also on patrol to vaccinate fowl at farms located in eight districts, including Tapos, Sawangan and Bojongsari.

The last case of sudden chicken deaths in Depok took place in August 2012, while the most recent avian flu case in humans claimed a 2-year-old boy in February 2011.

http://www.thejakartapost.com/...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


C. Java to distribute new bird flu vaccines in Feb
Wed, January 09 2013

The Central Java administration will start distributing in February vaccines for a new strain of bird flu, identified as H5N1 clade 2.3.2, that has killed thousands of ducks in Yogyakarta, Central Java and East Java.

Central Java Animal Husbandry Agency chief Whitono said on Wednesday that the master seed of the vaccines--discovered last December in Sukoharjo, Central Java--was currently being produced by the Agriculture Ministry's Animal Husbandry Department.

"It takes between a month and a month and a half to multiply the vaccines. God willing the new vaccines will start circulating within the first week in February," he said.

In the meantime, poultry farmers are obliged to comply with appropriate bio-security measures, especially after directly handling poultry, according to Whitono.

They were also advised to use the vaccines for the older avian flu strain of clade 2.1.3 which killed chickens before the new vaccines arrived, he added.

The agency reported that more than 196,233 ducks had died from the new virus in 28 regencies and cities in the province.

http://www.thejakartapost.com/...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


New bird flu strain may be bioterrorism, says BIN
Thu, January 10 2013

Indonesia's top intelligence agency has scrutinized the spread of a new strain of the avian flu virus that has killed thousands of ducks over the past few months, saying the disease could be a form of biological weapon used by foreign countries.

"My agency has been following this phenomenon since the beginning. We have to stay alert as the global development of biological weapons has been very fast. In the future, this kind of biological attack will be used in wars," National Intelligence Agency (BIN) chief Lt. Gen. Marciano Norman said at the State Palace on Thursday.

However, an intelligence investigation had yet to find any proof that the current bird flu outbreak in some places across Indonesia was a form of biological attack or a test of biological weapons by foreign countries, he added.

"We are closely monitoring developments. We cannot jump to conclusions without strong proof," he added. "We are asking relevant bodies with relevant competence to dig deeper into the new virus while we will back them up."

Coordinating Political, Legal, and Security Affairs Minister Djoko Suyanto echoed Marciano's statement. "Since the allegation came to us, we have formed a team to delve into it. The team comprises of BIN and the Health Ministry, among others," he said.

Djoko agreed that it was possible that the virus might have been "engineered" for certain interests. "The allegations represent good input for us to stay vigilant to the possibility," he said.

The government has asked regions across the country to begin taking measures to anticipate the new bird flu virus, identified as H5N1 clade 2.3.2.

In Bantul, Yogyakarta, the new virus strain has killed more than 1,000 ducks. The same strain also reportedly killed hundreds of ducks in Central Java and in East Java.

The Central Java provincial administration has recorded nearly 200,000 cases of duck deaths in 28 regencies and cities since September 2012.

Over 6,000 ducks were reported to have been infected with the virus in the regencies of South, Central and East Lampung.

In Payakumbuh, West Sumatra, known as the province's main production center of poultry products, the virus killed nearly 2,000 ducks in December 2012, while in Sidenreng Rappang, South Sulawesi, some 25,500 birds have reportedly died since December 2012.

http://www.thejakartapost.com/...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Deaths in Tasikmalaya Ducks is 90 Percent Bird Flu Positive
January 11, 2013
http://www.tribunnews.com/2013...
Tasikmalaya, Indonesia: The deaths ducks with the positive H5NI virus or bird flu continues to spread in some regions of the Tasikmalaya district.  Earlier, hundreds of ducks there were positive for bird flu in only two districts,  namely Sukaratu and Cisayong.  Now bird flu has struck three other districts, namely Singaparna, Cigalontang and Cineam.  However, so far the virus has not been known to attack humans.

Head of Veterinary Public Health Department of Animal Husbandry, Fisheries and Maritime & H Tasikmalaya District Idik Abdulah said indications of poultry deaths due to bird flu were almost ninety percent positive.  It was after the tests in Cikole, London laboratory a few days ago.

"So the samples that have been tested by us on site tested positive for H5NI and further investigated in the laboratory. This is a red light, the result is 90 percent positive for bird flu suspect," said Idik, Friday (11/01/2013) morning.

Added Idik, they have taken preventive measures to suppress the dissemination of the virus now just by giving vaccination to poultry.  However, they did find problems because the vaccine that was used is for a type of chicken.  While avian bird flu (is attacking?) most types of ducks.

"So we'll do this vaccine trial first to five hundred to a thousand tails in the sample. You see, we received the vaccine in the province.  Also the number (of vaccines) is only 10 percent of the duck population  in Tasikmalaya district," said Idik.

During this time, the population of birds in the district Tasikmalaya reached 200,000 individuals.  While the number of vaccines, 20,000 doses, received only 10 percent.

"The number of deaths from bird flu has reached two thousand of the total population.  So in addition to the vaccine, we also prevent the spread with a few steps, for example, by preventing traffic in the pet trade, especially for breeders.  Instead for the interim they have been asked not to release their ducks from the cages.  The problem is the fear that the virus will continue to spread to other birds, because in some areas the virus has also spread to cattle and quail," said Idik.



"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


The Komnas Zoonosis Denies Bird Flu Bioterrorism
http://www.beritasatu.com/kese...
January 13, 2013, Author Dessy Sagita
Jakarta, Indonesia: Zoonosis National Control Commission denied any indication of bioterrorism elements in a new type of bird flu outbreak that has attacked thousands of ducks in Indonesia.  "It is too far to think like that, I do not see any indication of bioterrorism," said Secretary of the National Commission for Zoonotic, Emil Agustiono, Sunday (13/1).

Emil says the bird flu outbreak is most likely due to the clade 2.3.2 and a weak supervision of poultry transport so diseased birds could easily spread to the districts/cities.  "I believe 100 percent that our poultry traffic is bad, no controls, no certification of healthy birds, so sick ducks can move to another place," said Emil, who is also Deputy Coordinating Minister for People's Welfare, health and population.

Emil said, traffic poultry should be considered as a serious matter that involves many elements such as the Police Headquarters and the Ministry of transport.  "At each check point the eligibility of poultry should be checked, because if not then we'll just move the disease from one place to another," he said.

According to Emil, the emergence of a new AI clade, though worrying, is something reasonable.
"The genetic mutation is something natural, very possible, that does not need to be linked to terrorism," he said.

In addition to traffic monitoring of poultry that is still weak, the spread of bird flu has also exacerbated poor biosecurity.  "Biosecurity is also admittedly still weak.  Many consider because the condition is fine then there is no need to clean the cage.  It's dangerous," he concluded.



"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


New Avian Flu Not Bioterrorism, Commission Secretary Says
January 14, 2013

An official at the National Commission on Zoonosis Control has been forced to explain himself after creating a public scare by linking the recent outbreak of a new strain of avian flu to bioterrorism.

"I don't see any indication of bioterrorism," commission secretary Emil Agustiono said on Sunday. "Such thinking is an exaggeration."

Emil said the spread of the latest type of avian flu could be due to the weak monitoring of poultry transportation.

"I am 100 percent sure that it's only because of our weak monitoring that allows sick poultry to move from area to another," he said.

Authorities revealed that a new strain of the avian flu has killed tens of thousands of ducks in several provinces across Indonesia, but added that there is no indication that the new virus affects humans.

The avian flu virus found in poultry across Indonesia has mutated from clade 2.1 to clade 2.3.2, the Health Ministry has said, affecting and killing ducks that were previously impervious to the old subtype.

Emil, who is also a deputy at the Coordinating Ministry for People's Welfare, said the mutation was not genetically engineered by terrorists or people seeking to destroy Indonesia's poultry industry.

"Genetic mutation is something that occurs naturally. We don't need to link it with terrorism," he said.

But Emil's remarks on Sunday are a far cry from those he made last week. "There is an indication of that," he told reporters last Tuesday, as quoted by news portal Tempo.co, when asked about the possibility of bioterrorism.

"These bioterrorists are using non-traditional channels like spreading infectious disease. We must examine this with extra care," he continued, adding that the National Intelligence Agency (BIN) was investigating the claim.

BIN chief Let. Gen. Marciano Norman denied that there is an indication linking the new clade of avian flu to bioterrorism, saying the claim is mere theory.

"Until this moment, there is no indication that points to bioterrorism," he said on Thursday. "I have asked the related ministries to conduct more research. We have to be absolutely sure about this."

Emil's remarks also led Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs Djoko Suyanto to speak up about the claim.

"We don't know whether it is true or not. The indication is just not there yet. But there are theories suggesting it and this must investigated," he said on Thursday.

But Djoko later amplified fears of bioterrorism further by saying that the government had formed a team consisting of the BIN and the Health Ministry to investigate the claim.

"Since that theory is out, they have started working. But there has been no report [that the claim is true]," he said.

On Sunday, Emil said the theory arose because the first report of the new clade hitting Indonesia was from Brebes, a small Central Java town known for its poultry industry.

Before hitting Indonesia, the clade was earlier found in China, Vietnam, Thailand and Bangladesh and no one is certain why Brebes, a town with no international entry point, would become the first town to be hit with the flu's new subtype.

Since it was first reported in Brebes, the clade has spread to 56 areas in Java and Sumatra.

Emil said the spread of the new clade can be blamed on lax supervision in the transport of poultry from one province to the next.

"There is no control, no certification of healthy poultry. So sick ducks can be transported to other places," he said.

"At every check point there should be an inspection of poultry's health, otherwise we will only help the spread of the disease from one area to the next."

The Health Ministry's director general for disease control, Tjandra Yoga Aditama, said that although the virus is deadly for ducks, it does not seem to affect humans or other poultry.

In China and Bangladesh, there are cases where humans were infected by the new clade but no fatality has been recorded.

Health Minister Nafsiah Mboi has said that her office is anticipating the possibility that the new strain would also affect humans by developing more laboratories to identify the new virus.

http://www.thejakartaglobe.com...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Discover Bird Flu Vaccine Falls On Ducks
Monday, January 14, 2013

H5NI bird flu vaccine clade 2.3.2 will soon be mass produced.

The Ministry of agriculture (Falls) at the upcoming February will produce one million vaccines of bird flu vaccine to meet the needs in the country. That step was taken after the Government recently discovered vaccine of avian influenza H5NI clade 2.3.2, which attack the ducks.

With that discovery, Agriculture Minister Suswono expect people not to worry about it again.

"So there is no need to worry anymore because it has been found a new variant of it that is 2.3.2. So stay the implementation in the field, "he said at the State Palace Complex, Jakarta, Monday (14/1).

While the related compensation fund of Rp215 billion to give to a reputable breeder itiknya bird flu infected filed by Falls to the Ministry of finance is expected to be approved in the coming February. The magnitude of the cost of replacing the adjusted price on ducks at this time.

"We hope can direalisir Yes, however depopulation (destruction, Red) is very important. But it was also limited, so that breeders are not aggrieved about depopulation of this, "he said.

On the other hand, Suswono has denied the existence of indication element of bioterrorism in the outbreak of a new type of bird flu that strikes thousands of ducks in Indonesia. Because the gene mutation, it is not visible.

"If until bioterrorism seems not to. But yah vigilance is important. Forward things that might happen, "he said.

However, he claims to have not been able to ascertain the country from which the migration of ducks that came so it has not dared to conclude more specific things.

"We have not been able to conclude it. The two options above, from other countries into Indonesia or migratory birds who allegedly entered from India that want to Australia, "he said.

translated
http://www.microsofttranslator...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Government Urged to Set Special Status for National Bird Flu Outbreak
January 15, 2013
http://nasional.kompas.com/rea...
Jakarta, Indonesia:  The government has been asked to assign a special status for the outbreak of H5N1 bird flu virus Clade 2.3.2 as a national epidemic because it is contagious in 12 provinces and has caused the deaths of nearly half a million ducks.  Moreover, this type of bird flu virus is also potentially infectious to humans.

"The bird flu virus H5N1 Clade 2.3.2 was an outbreak in 12 provinces and has caused more than 420 thousand ducks to die.  The total loss is estimated at Rp 115 billion.  The government should immediately establish a special status as a national epidemic outbreak," said Vice Chairman of the Party Gerindra Fadli Zon in Jakarta, Tuesday (15/1).

Fadli who is also Secretary General of the Association of Indonesian Farmers version Prabowo said that besides causing losses of farmers' ducks, this type of bird flu virus is potentially infectious to humans, as has been reported in China, Hong Kong and Bangladesh.  Fadli said that returning the bird flu outbreak should also be the subject of correction by the government, especially the Ministry of Agriculture in conducting security controls on the circulation of poultry in Indonesia.  

"It could be that there is less control over farm poultry at the service entrance.  All birds coming from abroad should be checked and strictly supervised.  If this has been done, but the virus can still can get in, it does not close the possibility of illegal poultry trade from abroad," he said.

Fadli said the government should be quicker to anticipate the spread of this virus.  Therefore, many people (depend on) their duck farms for their livelihood.  The government, he added, needs to spend budget support compensation for farmers' ducks.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Poultry exports to Indonesia remain in limbo
Thursday, 17/01/2013

Australian poultry exports to Indonesia will not resume until at least 21 March, after Jakarta ban on imports after a strain of bird flu was detected on a New South Wales farm last November.

This is despite the farm, near Maitland in the Hunter Valley, being given the all-clear just days before Christmas.

Indonesia insists their import ban must extend for three months past the date that the all-clear was given, and then only after the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) is also notified.

Australian Chicken Meat Federation's executive director Dr Andreas Dubbs says Indonesia's action is different to the majority of nations importing Australian poultry.

"Many countries have reinstated the trade back in December or before and many countries only limited it to that farm or New South Wales so in the first instance so its a broad range and Indonesia is at one extreme of the spectrum in this instance."

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Link to Poultry exports to Indonesia remain in limbo
http://www.abc.net.au/rural/ne...


United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


[ Parent ]
Indonesian Bird Flu Outbreak Has Only Infected Ducks
January 18, 2013
http://www.irinnews.org/Report...
Jakarta, Indonesia:  Indonesian health officials have downplayed concerns over a fresh outbreak of avian influenza which has killed some 160,000 reared ducks since September 2012.

"So far no Indonesians have been infected by the new clade [virus group] of the H5N1 virus," Tjandra Yoga Aditama, the director of disease control and public health at the Health Ministry, told IRIN.

"The outbreak has only affected ducks. There have been no known cases in humans," said Muhammad Azhar, coordinator of the Avian Influenza Disease Control Unit. "We have taken necessary measures to control the outbreak."

More than a dozen subsets of the H5N1 virus have been identified - with numerous variants within each clade. Although new to Indonesia, clade 2.3.2 H5N1 has been circulating across Asia for several years, say experts.  Reared ducks began dying on Indonesia's populous Java Island in September, with the disease spreading to 80 villages in 12 of Indonesia's 34 provinces. Affected ducks show clinical symptoms such as torticollis, paralysis, seizures, incoordination, and sudden death.  Most poultry kept by Indonesians are chickens; only a small minority keep ducks.

"The origin of the infection was apparently uncertified imported ducks," said Emil Agustiono, head of the National Commission on Zoonosis. "But luckily we have discovered the vaccine [for poultry] and will start production in February. For now we're using the old vaccine and it's still effective."

The government needs at least another 25 million doses of the H5N1 clade 2.3.2 vaccine, and will compensate farmers affected by the outbreak, though the amount of compensation has not been decided, he added.  The Health Ministry's Aditama said many countries had reported the presence of clade 2.3 and there had been eight known bird flu cases in humans caused by the strain - three in Bangladesh and five in China.

"So far Indonesia has not seen infection from ducks to humans or bird flu cases in humans caused by clade 2.3, but I expect that generally the medium of infection is similar to that of clade 2.1," he said.

Health officials have advised that control activities in humans had not changed with the new clade, he said.  "Data on antiviral sensitivity is limited from the human cases, but there is no reason to expect a change."

In response to the outbreak, Agustiono said the government was strengthening surveillance and tightening the movement of poultry between provinces to stem the outbreak.  "The spread of the virus is epidemiologically controllable and we're doing what we can to stop it," he said, adding: "This outbreak has disrupted the animal husbandry sector and more importantly, is a public health issue."

Indonesia stopped importing poultry from Australia in December following a bird flu outbreak there, he said. However, there has been no ban on imports of certified ducks from other countries.  About 60 million Indonesians keep poultry, including ducks, in their homesteads. Indonesia's animal husbandry sector is worth US$2 billion, government statistics show. Agriculture Minister Suswono, who like many Indonesians goes by only one name, said the outbreak was not yet an emergency.
(more)



"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Bird Flu Virus Mutation Caution
http://www.suaramerdeka.com/v1...
January 19, 2013
Wonogiri, Indonesia:  The Winton Health Office (PHO) began circulating a letter to be aware of the impact of the bird flu virus (H5N1) on human health.  The circular was a follow up letter from the Central Java Provincial Health Office regarding vigilance against the new H5N1 virus,  because the virus is expected to mutate to form new, more powerful variants.  Chief Medical Officer (PHO) Wonogiri, Dr. Widodo MKes through the Head of Disease Prevention and Environmental Control (P2PL), Supriyo Heryanto said the new mutation was indicated by the number of ducks infected with the bird flu virus.  So far, the bird flu has only attacked chickens.  According to him, the bird flu virus mutation occurs because of the influence of climate.  

"Ducks are very resistant, this disease could be bird flu.   There is the possibility of a mutation into a new clade 2.3.2 H5N1," he said.

He urged citizens to immediately check if you have a fever over 38 degrees Celsius.  "If within a week you previously had contact with sick or dead birds, then you have a high fever, you should be checked," he said.

If you encounter such a situation, a doctor or health worker is asked not to guess again.  The patient should be immediately given the drug Tamiflu to prevent the outbreak of bird flu.  

"Giving Tamiflu should not be late. If it is two days late, Tamiflu is not effective anymore. If it's too late, the mortality rate is high," he said.

He explained that the drug works in order that the virus not attacks the lungs.  The bird flu virus could fill your lungs in just a a few hours.  "The morning looks good. During the day, the virus has been piling up," he continued.

If birds that died suddenly are found, people are also asked to report.  Health workers will observe the location of health centers around the past two weeks.  Local residents and people who had contact with poultry at the site will continue to be monitored for two weeks.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Bird Flu Outbreak 'Has Only Infected Ducks'

January 18, 2013

Indonesian health officials have downplayed concerns over a fresh outbreak of avian influenza which has killed some 160,000 reared ducks since September 2012.

"So far no Indonesians have been infected by the new clade [virus group] of the H5N1 virus," Tjandra Yoga Aditama, the director of disease control and public health at the Health Ministry, told IRIN.

"The outbreak has only affected ducks. There have been no known cases in humans," said Muhammad Azhar, coordinator of the Avian Influenza Disease Control Unit. "We have taken necessary measures to control the outbreak."

More than a dozen subsets of the H5N1 virus have been identified ­- with numerous variants within each clade. Although new to Indonesia, clade 2.3.2 H5N1 has been circulating across Asia for several years, say experts.

Reared ducks began dying on Indonesia's populous Java Island in September, with the disease spreading to 80 villages in 12 of Indonesia's 34 provinces. Affected ducks show clinical symptoms such as torticollis, paralysis, seizures, incoordination, and sudden death.

Most poultry kept by Indonesians are chickens; only a small minority keep ducks.

"The origin of the infection was apparently uncertified imported ducks," said Emil Agustiono, head of the National Commission on Zoonosis. "But luckily we have discovered the vaccine [for poultry] and will start production in February. For now we're using the old vaccine and it's still effective."

http://www.thejakartaglobe.com...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Expect Distribution Tanggamus Disnak Bird Flu Vaccine
http://lampung.tribunnews.com/...
January 23, 2013
Tanggamus, Indonesia:  The Tanggamus Department of Animal Husbandry is still awaiting arrival of a vaccine to prevent bird flu in ducks, the sub clade 2.3.2.  Acording to Eko Turyono, Head of Animal Health, the vaccine was imported from Disnak Lampung.  All districts/cities will receive it, however, the dosage will be adjusted to the local wild duck population.

"We do not know and are still waiting for the arrival.  When the vaccine arrives at Langgsun, we will give it to the ducks, the wild ducks belonging to the community," said Eko, Wednesday (23/01/2013).

He claimed not to know the efficacy of the vaccine since there is no bird flu cure.  Most likely it will be able to increase the immunity if it can not heal.



"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Thousands of Jambi Chickens Die from Bird Flu
January 24, 2013
http://www.antaranews.com/beri...
Jambi, Indonesia: The H5N1 bird flu virus is rapidly evolving in Batanghari, Jambi and has caused the deaths of thousands of chickens owned by residents in the area.  Observation in the field on Thursday showed outbreaks of bird flu virus were originally found in the Durian Luncuk, then spread to other villages.  Currently, the virus is again attacking residents' poultry in the Village Rengas Condong, District Muarabulian.  The chicken deaths from bird flu are positive.  A resident of the Village Rengas Condong, Agus said that in recent days there were a lot of citizens' dead birds, and citizens are also very worried since the virus can be transmitted to humans.

"Within two days many of my neighbors poultry died suddenly," said Agus.

Residents with dead poultry have been asked not to hold the birds and to immediately report to the relevant agency.  Chief District Veterinary Office Batanghari Elly Ismail said officers had gone down to the field and taken samples of residents' dead chickens, and the chickens turned out positive for bird flu.

"Once our officers took samples of dead chickens, they were sure the residents' chickens had the bird flu disease," he said.

After receiving reports from residents, they went down to the site to take samples of dead chickens in order to ascertain whether the dead chickens tested positive for bird flu or other diseases.  To the owners of the chickens, they were asked to bury or burn dead chickens, so that the chickens do not spread to others, including humans.  To cope with outbreaks of bird flu in the village Rengas Condong, they will do the spraying on chicken coops owned by local residents in order not to spread everywhere.

He admitted that the current outbreak of bird flu has swept Batanghari, including the District Bathin XXIV, Tembesi, Bajubang, and the last in the village Pemayung Rengas Lean Bulian Muara District.  Efforts to tackle bird flu was done in collaboration with the Department of Animal Husbandry Jambi, because of budget constraints, particularly in the procurement of drugs for spraying the cage.

"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


450 AI Positive Baby Ducks Destroyed
January 28, 2013
http://regional.kompas.com/rea...
Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia:  A total of 450 pups ducks or Day Old Ducks (DOD) were destroyed by the Agricultural Quarantine officer grade II in Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi (Sultra), Monday (01/28/2013) that tested positive for the flu burung or avian influenza.  Culling hundreds of ducklings tail was made after receiving the results of laboratory tests from the Center for Veterinary Maros, South Sulawesi.  The Head of Agricultural Quarantine Class II Kendari, LM.  Mastari, said that 1,000 ducks were initially seized on January 13, 2013 in Work Areas for Agricultural Quarantine (KPs) Haluoleo Airport.  Officers held day-old ducks (DOD) sent by a businessman named Dody Faisal through Juanda Surabaya airport to the destination airport, the Airport Haluoleo.

"Upon arrival at the Haluoleo Cargo Airport, the Wilker Agricultural Halueleo official airport officials quarantined the DOD to be examined by the administration," said Mustari in his office, Monday (01/28/2013).

He said the DOD is equipped with a health certificate issued by the veterinary medical work area Agriculture Quarantine Juanda Airport.  He said the DOD imported from Surabaya were detained and taken straight to the cage installation BKP belonging to Class II Kendari quarantine.  On the second day they observed there were 125 deaths of scores of individuals.
On the fourth day the samples were taken and sent to the Laboratory of Veterinary Maros Big Bakau.  

"While waiting for lab test results, they continued observation.  On the seventh day they observed 50 dead tails.  Observation was until the 14th and overall there were 550 dead tails," he said.

He added that the lab results of Vetariner Maros No.338/PD.650/F.5.G/0113 Great Hall on January 25, 2013 with the PCR assay was positive IA (AI?) for the ducklings.  The information was then passed on to the class II BKP Kendari, so BKP decided to destroy the remaining ducklings.  The culling of hundreds of ducklings was also witnessed by Head of South East Sulawesi Province Amir Ridwan, the police and other relevant agencies.



"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Five Toddlers Have Probable Bird Flu Infection
http://news.mnctv.com/index.ph...
January 30, 2013
Padang, Indonesia:  Five toddlers in the city of Padang are allegedly infected with the bird flu virus and hospitalized in Muhammad Jamil.  The five children whoare allegedly infected with bird flu in the city of Padang, allegedly had contact with dead poultry.  They were treated intensively in isolation with the suspected disease in hospital M Jamil.  Some of them had been treated for three days.

Until now, their condition is not stable and they are still experiencing shortness of breath and high fever. To make sure whether they are positively infected by the H5N1 virus, blood samples have been sent to a hospital in Jakarta.  Based on information from the patient's parents, their sons had direct contact with chickens that died suddenly in the home environment.  Anticipating the spread of the H5N1 virus, the Padang Animal Husbandry Department has been spraying and checking poultry in the traditional markets.  Since its inception in 2011, they have found 10 cases of birds that died suddenly in the city of Padang.  Dozens of dead birds were positively infected with the H5N1 virus.  Traders are advised to keep them in their chicken coops.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Five Toddlers Have Probable Bird Flu Infection
http://news.mnctv.com/index.ph...
January 30, 2013
Padang, Indonesia:  Five toddlers in the city of Padang are allegedly infected with the bird flu virus and hospitalized in Muhammad Jamil.  The five children whoare allegedly infected with bird flu in the city of Padang, allegedly had contact with dead poultry.  They were treated intensively in isolation with the suspected disease in hospital M Jamil.  Some of them had been treated for three days.

Until now, their condition is not stable and they are still experiencing shortness of breath and high fever. To make sure whether they are positively infected by the H5N1 virus, blood samples have been sent to a hospital in Jakarta.  Based on information from the patient's parents, their sons had direct contact with chickens that died suddenly in the home environment.  Anticipating the spread of the H5N1 virus, the Padang Animal Husbandry Department has been spraying and checking poultry in the traditional markets.  Since its inception in 2011, they have found 10 cases of birds that died suddenly in the city of Padang.  Dozens of dead birds were positively infected with the H5N1 virus.  Traders are advised to keep them in their chicken coops.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Golkar Refuses Funding for Bird Flu Vaccine Plant
February 02, 2013

Golkar is the latest political party to reject a government proposal for funding to finish construction of a stalled bird flu vaccine plant, citing the corruption allegations swirling around the initial allocation.

"The decision of the Golkar members of the House of Representatives is to reject any effort to continue this project," veteran party legislator Poempida Hidayatulloh said on Friday.

Poempida, who serves on House Commission IX overseeing health affairs, said the party based its decision on the fact that the preliminary phase of the project was mired in graft. An audit of the initial Rp 800 billion ($82.4 million) disbursement for the project by the Supreme Audit Agency (BPK) found that up to Rp 600 billion was lost as a result of embezzlement, markups and bid-rigging.

Agung Laksono, the coordinating minister for people's welfare and a Golkar stalwart, previously said the government needed additional funding to produce vaccines in an effort to tackle a rising number bird flu cases nationwide.

Health Minister Nafsiah Mboi warned late last year that her office had identified a new strain of the avian influenza virus that was found to attack ducks that were immune to the more common strain.

Golkar's opposition to the additional Rp 1.2 trillion in funding for the project comes on the back of a similar position by the Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P), which said the corruption scandal made it impossible to justify the extra funding.

http://www.thejakartaglobe.com...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Thousands of Roosters in Polewali Mandar Dead from Bird Flu
Saturday, February 2, 2013
http://www.108csr.com/default/...
West Sulawesi, Indonesia:  Thousands of rooster tails in Polewali Mandar, West Sulawesi died suddenly.  Based on the local Animal Husbandry Department, officers test that checks to make sure the cage of chickens and ducks that died are confirmed positive for bird flu or H5N1 variant 232.  Currently, officers and citizens continue to the mass destruction to isolate the spread of the deadly virus.  Even residents are asked to voluntarily destroy cattle infected with bird flu that belong to them in order to carry out culling thousands of birds.  Understandably the government can not give damages whatsoever against the cage breeder bird flu.

To this day, the officer noted at least four districts in Polewali Mandar Wonomulyo ie, Limboro, Andreapi and Binuang that are stated positive bird flu.  On average Polewali Mandar poultry farmers suffered losses of tails from 4000 to 10,000 chickens that died before their property could be sold to the market.  Generally farmers suffered losses of tens of millions of dollars.  Officers from the Department of Animal Husbandry PDSR Polewali Mandar, Ramli said that over the past week officers continue to educate about bird flu prevention.  The cage breeders confirmed those with bird flu were also asked to commit genocide voluntarily.

"It's been four sub-contracted the bird flu and we are heavily culling and disseminating prevention," said Ramli, Department of Animal Husbandry Officer Polewali Mandar, Saturday (02/03/2013).

Bird flu virus continues to spread in Polewali Mandar though it is thought to have come from Java.  At first farmers in the District Wonomulyo carried seeds of ducks Java already suspected of bird flu.  In a short time, the virus is suspected to have spread to other ducks to attack thousands of other birds.  


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Study: Spread of HPAI Through Smallholder Ducks in Asia
February 7, 2013
http://www.worldpoultry.net/Ot...
Indonesia:  Ducks are considered to play an important role in the transmission and maintenance of the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) virus. However, there is limited information on duck management practices in countries where HPAI is endemic. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted on 96 'stationary' smallholder duck farms in Indonesia to describe the management of ducks and to identify practices that could potentially promote the risk of HPAI spread.

The mean flock size was 29 ducks, ranging from 1 up to 150 birds. Both the sale and the consumption of eggs were the most important purposes of duck keeping, followed by the use of droppings for fertilizer and the production of meat ducks. About 77% of duck owners allowed their ducks to scavenge. Important hazards for interspecies HPAI virus transmission related to scavenging were identified: 1) intermingling between ducks and chickens on duck farms (48%); 2) frequent contact with neighbours' chickens (44%); 3) visits to the same paddies by duck flocks from other farms (88%); 4) in the paddies, contact between duck flock and other ducks, chickens, people and wild birds was reported by 88%, 30%, 80% and 77% of duck owners, respectively; 5) the keeping of singing birds by 17% of farmers; 6) predators such as the small Asian mongoose (Herpestes javanicus) (25%) and feral cats (20%) visiting the scavenging areas (these species are susceptible to HPAI infection and might play a role in the spread of the HPAI virus).

Many duck owners associated deaths of their birds with the use of pesticides in the rice paddies, and appeared to be more concerned about pesticide toxicity, problems that inhibit scavenging ability and external parasites than about HPAI, which in general was not considered to be of high importance. Hence HPAI vaccination or preventive culling of ducks during disease outbreaks was not conducted on the study farms.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Pelalawan Diskes Anticipates Bird Flu
Diskes Anticipation of Bird Flu
http://www.riaupos.co/daerah.p...
February 8, 2013
Pelalawan, Indonesia:  Anticipating an outbreak of bird flu, the Department of Health (Diskes) Pelalawan is asking the public to be alert to outbreaks of disease.  Diskes will attempt to prevent this through several strategies in anticipation of bird flu in the area. This was conveyed by the Chief Medical Officer Pelalawan Drs Dervish Alkadam MSI, through the Head of Disease Control and Environmental Health (P2PL) Pelalawan Asril SKM Kes, the Riau Pos, Thursday (7/2) Base yesterday afternoon in Kerinci.

"We ask the community to raise awareness.  And also with the Department of Animal Husbandry agencies we will monitor and be aware of the mobility of birds, especially those from outside the area, not to carry the bird flu virus,'' explained Asril.

Asril said that in anticipation of bird flu, it had ordered any existing health centers to continuously monitor Pelalawan for indications of bird flu.  That is, although until now there has been no case of bird flu in Pelalawan, they do do not want this to be missed.

"We obviously do not want this to be missed, since we have been ordered each health center in the area to monitor bird flu in their respective areas,'' he explained.

He explained that, although there have been no cases of bird flu, several cases of bird flu in poultry existed a few years earlier.  For handling cases of bird flu, the institute is working with the Animal Husbandry Department Pelalawan.

"Because of these concerns with poultry, then we cooperate with Disnak Pelalawan.  So if humans and poultry are exposed to a new bird flu, the Disnak authority can handle it,'' he said.

In mentioning how to handle it, Asril explained they have been continuously anticipating the spread of bird flu virus and not ceasing to counsel.  Whether through health centers, integrated health and administrative forums, it is expected that more and more people understand the ways of handling cases of bird flu.

"Extension and appeals are conducted mainly in residential areas where there are still are many dirty chicken coops.  Then the community clean poultry farms are also targeted with socialization.  Such areas are a priority to our attention,'' he said.

Continued Asril, if there are people who have a fever or high heat for three consecutive days and does not go away, they should be immediately be brought to the nearest hospital or health center.  Patients like this will receive the full attention of health workers in the field.  And to the owners of poultry, they are asked to continue keeping the cages and the environment.

"Because it is possible, and a lazy slob nature clean up, triggering the onset of various diseases.  As for culling, it is the authority of the Department of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Pelalawan,'' he concluded.

Regarding poultry infected with bird flu, it can be seen from the clinical symptoms, the comb and wattles are swollen and bluish.  Then the bleeding feet flat on the poultry red spots form, there is fluid in the eyes and nose and breathing problems.

"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Bird Flu Suspect Hospitalized in Padang
February 9, 2013
http://news.okezone.com/read/2...
Padang, Indonesia:  A resident of Kampung Lintang, Sunur Nagari, District Nas Sabaris, Padangpariaman regency, West Sumatra was treated at Dr M. Djamil Padang.  The senior, 73 years old with the initial D, is an alleged bird flu virus (H5N1) suspect.  Giving Information and Documentation Officer (PPID) Dr M.  Djamil Padang, Gustafianov, confirmed they are nursing a bird flu suspect patient, who is now in the isolation space.  

"From the symptoms he suffered suspected bird flu, lest other people are now infected with the same patient in isolation.  The symptomsare  similar to bird flu," he told Okezone, Saturday (02/09/2012).

He continued that today they are giving intensive care for the patient while waiting for laboratory results.  "We are still awaiting the results of the examination in the laboratory, whether these patients truly affected by bird flu or not," he said.

Gustafianov continued that the patient was admitted to the hospital on Friday, February 8 at approximately 12:00 noon EDT.  From the description of the family, he continued, the patient had three days of high fever, coughing, and difficulty breathing.  "Initially, the patient was taken to the hospital Padangpariaman, but the hospital referred the patient here," he said.

While based on information from the family, the patient was not in contact with farm animals.  Only, hundreds of ducks around at their home died suddenly on Wednesday, February 6 last.  Allegedly, the ducks were affected by bird flu.  

"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Suspect Bird Flu, Citizen Referred to M. Djamil
February 9, 2013
Pariaman - A resident Korong Kampuang Latitude, Sunur Nagari, District Nan Sabaris, Pariaman suspected suspect bird flu. Patients experiencing symptoms of high fever, cough and colds. The patient was initially taken to the health center Pauh Kamba, then referred to the hospital M. Djamil Padang on Friday (8/2).

Korong Kampuang Latitude is an area of ​​the discovery of thousands of ducks died suddenly and tested positive for H5N1 clade 2.3.2.1 since a few days ago.

Hundreds of ducks have been culled officers for breaking the chain of dangerous virus in the area.

Virus H5N1 clade 2.3.2.1 is the latest variant of the H5N1 bird flu virus that has previously been widely known. Today, new virus was recently detected attack duck. Yet all kinds of birds. The virus also has the potential to infect humans.

Head of Disease Control and Prevention and Environmental Health, Public Health Service Pariaman, Aspinuddin Singgalang confirmed, confirmed there were patients from being referred Korong Kampuang Latitude Pauh Kamba health center personnel to the hospital. M.Djamil.

"Yes, there are people Korong Kampuang Latitude referenced. Patients suspected suspect bird flu. Because the symptoms of fever, cough and colds, such as the characteristics of the bird flu. The patient was referred Friday morning, "said Aspinuddin.

As per standard operating procedure (SOP) for handling suspect cases of bird flu, the Department of Health does not have the authority to provide information related to the patient's name and identity of the suspect is suspected. More information is authorized RS M. Djamil.
Patient suspect bird flu was found medical team assigned to monitor the health of people in Korong Kampuang latitude, after the discovery of bird flu cases duck attacked thousands of residents in the area since last week.

24-hour surveillance

It is said, since the discovery of bird flu cases in Kampuang latitude, DHO team accidentally alerted Padangpariaman 24 hours in the area.

The team checked periodically to public health since the past few days.

Yesterday, a team of health received a report there was a resident in the vicinity of duck farms in the surroundings that had a high fever accompanied by cough and colds.
These characteristics are identical to the symptoms of the bird flu virus that infect humans.
The team moved quickly to home health patients. The patient was then taken to the health center Pauh Kamba to undergo further tests.

Because the assessed had a history of contact with the dead ducks and fever led to the avian flu, the patient eventually was referred to the hospital. M. Djamil.
"Rather than risk, also referred patients that day. What is clear according to SOP handling cases of bird flu, if found patients with bird flu-like symptoms, patients suspected suspect. The patient should be immediately referred to the hospital, "said Aspinuddin.

At the hospital, usually the patient suspect bird flu will be isolated and treated in a special room. In Sumatra, only RS. M. Djamil defined as hospital case management and positive patient suspect bird flu.
Patients suspected blood sample will be taken, saliva, sputum and other samples by a team of doctors. The samples will then be tested in the laboratory to ascertain whether or not the patient acquired the bird flu virus. "Test sample take some days," he explained.

http://hariansinggalang.co.id/...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Bird Flu Suspect Referred to Sanglah Hospital
http://www.balipost.co.id/medi...
February 14, 2013
Bangli, Indonesia:  MD (2.5) of Hamlet Sidawa Tamanbali village, Bangli was referred from hospital to Sanglah Hospital.  MD was referred to Bangli hospital on Wednesday (13/2) and then, with symptoms of fever, breathlessness and coughing since three days earlier.  After the lab examination in hospital Bangli and a history of poultry that died suddenly at the patient's home, hospital Bangli took shortcuts to refer him to the Sanglah Hospital.

Bangli Hospital CEO dr. Wayan Sudiana, on Thursday (14/2) yesterday admitted referring MD, a child who is a bird flu suspect to Sanglah Hospital, Wednesday (13/2).  The patient was referred to hospital Bangli by his family, on Tuesday (12/2) at 19:30 pm.  Diagnosis and the history that is taught to the medical team in charge of the lab tests were finally done.  In lab tests they conducted, it leads to the patient being a bird flu suspect.  Given the limitations of the equipment owned by hospital Bangli in detecting disease, they decided to refer the toddler to Sanglah Hospital Wednesday at 9:00 pm.

"We do not want to risk something happening.  Neither the safety of the toddler or the officers themselves.  Due to the detection of the bird flu virus, this has caused the disease to need more comprehensive treatment,'' he said.

Later after being referred to Sanglah Hospital, he will be tested in the form of test swab (Biomol), including checks by Research and Development Lab in Jakarta.  Meanwhile, the Bangli District Head of Livestock and Fisheries Ir. AA Ngurah Samba admits there are some villages in Bangli that have bird flu based on the positive results of rapid tests.  They have deployed officers to conduct spraying or biosecurity and control stock traffic in and out of the Bangli entrance. As well as regular spraying disinfectant in animal markets Bangli.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Bird Flu Suspect Referred to Sanglah Hospital
http://www.balipost.co.id/medi...
February 14, 2013
Bangli, Indonesia:  MD (2.5) of Hamlet Sidawa Tamanbali village, Bangli was referred from hospital to Sanglah Hospital.  MD was referred to Bangli hospital on Wednesday (13/2) and then, with symptoms of fever, breathlessness and coughing since three days earlier.  After the lab examination in hospital Bangli and a history of poultry that died suddenly at the patient's home, hospital Bangli took shortcuts to refer him to the Sanglah Hospital.

Bangli Hospital CEO dr. Wayan Sudiana, on Thursday (14/2) yesterday admitted referring MD, a child who is a bird flu suspect to Sanglah Hospital, Wednesday (13/2).  The patient was referred to hospital Bangli by his family, on Tuesday (12/2) at 19:30 pm.  Diagnosis and the history that is taught to the medical team in charge of the lab tests were finally done.  In lab tests they conducted, it leads to the patient being a bird flu suspect.  Given the limitations of the equipment owned by hospital Bangli in detecting disease, they decided to refer the toddler to Sanglah Hospital Wednesday at 9:00 pm.

"We do not want to risk something happening.  Neither the safety of the toddler or the officers themselves.  Due to the detection of the bird flu virus, this has caused the disease to need more comprehensive treatment,'' he said.

Later after being referred to Sanglah Hospital, he will be tested in the form of test swab (Biomol), including checks by Research and Development Lab in Jakarta.  Meanwhile, the Bangli District Head of Livestock and Fisheries Ir. AA Ngurah Samba admits there are some villages in Bangli that have bird flu based on the positive results of rapid tests.  They have deployed officers to conduct spraying or biosecurity and control stock traffic in and out of the Bangli entrance. As well as regular spraying disinfectant in animal markets Bangli.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Bird Flu Patient Discharged
February 15, 2013
http://padangekspres.co.id/?ne...
Padang, Indonesia:  A bird flu suspect patient was sent back to his village Kanagarian Padangpariaman Sanur district, yesterday (14/2).   The laboratory results stated he was negative for the H5NI virus negative.  Official giver of information and documentation (PPID) Dr Dr M Djamil Padang Gustafianof said the medical team that handled the patient named Darali, a resident of kenagarian Padangpariaman Sanur district left the treatment room yesterday afternoon.  This was done because the patient's condition was initially very weak and is now fully recovered.

According to the information summarized in Padang Express Dr M Djamil Padang, the cost of the treatment of patients is dealt with entirely by the State.  However, when questioning the Chief Medical Officer of West Sumatra, Rosnini Savitri, he said that for patients who tested negative for bird flu, the costs are not borne by the West Sumatra Health Office.  

"The treatment is borne by the patient's family and is not covered by the city of West Sumatra.  Since the results are negative, meaning this disease is a common disease.  For the cost of treatment, patients can use a card that has, for example Jamkesmas or Askes," he explained.  


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Patient Suspect Bird Flu Treated in Hospital Elisabeth
February 15, 2013

Semarang, Indonesia:  After appearing in Yogyakarta, bird flu viruses that infect humans occurred also in Semarang district. One person who is still in the status of the suspect, now being treated at the St. Elisabeth Hospital in Semarang.  Patient suspect bird flu is being treated in isolation Elisabeth Hospital Semarang. These patients were male sex and 54-year-old, a citizen of Sambiroto Semarang, yet lived in Sub Bergas, Semarang regency.

PR Elisabeth Hospital in Semarang, Probowati Condronegoro, said the patient goes to the hospital since December 17 last year. Before the illness, patients known to raise poultry at home. Although still suspected to be similar to the symptoms of bird flu, but the patient has been treated in accordance governance bird flu.

Treatment is given according to the standard as antiflu, intact and oxygen delivery in the intensive care.

"The patient did have a poultry house. However, when a cold, he felt scared and immediately we treat at the hospital, "said the Probo.  

http://kabar17.com/2012/12/pas...

United we stand: Divided we fall
www.flunewsnetwork.com


Bangli Boy Negative for Bird Flu
February 17, 2013
http://www.balitv.tv/btv2/inde...
Bangli, Indonesia:  The boy in Reference Hospital Bangli with suspect avian influenza A was treated in Nusa Indah RSUP Sanglah Hospital, and is otherwise negative for bird flu.  Head of Public Relations at Sanglah Hospital, Doctor Kadek Nariyantha, said the child with initials MD is experiencing severe pneumonia.

"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson

Bird Flu Suspect Treated in Hospital Elisabeth
http://kabar17.com/2012/12/pas...
February 19, 2013
Semarang, Indonesia:  After appearing in Yogyakarta, the bird flu virus that infects humans has occurred also in the Semarang District.  One person who is still in the status of the suspect, is now being treated at the St. Elisabeth Hospital in Semarang.  The bird flu suspect patient is being treated in isolation at St. Elisabeth Hospital Semarang.  The patient is a 54-year-old male, a citizen of Sambiroto Semarang, who lives in Sub Bergas, Semarang regency.

PR Elisabeth Hospital in Semarang, Probowati Condronegoro, said the patient went to the hospital since December 17 last year. Before the illness, the patient is known to raise poultry at home. Although he is still suspected to have symptoms similar to bird flu, the patient has been treated in accordance with governance bird flu.  Treatment is given according to the standard as antiflu, intact and oxygen delivery in the intensive care.

"The patient did have a poultry house. However, when cold, he felt scared and immediately we treated him at the hospital," said the Probo.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Hundreds of Bantul Ducks' Deaths Confirmed to be Bird Flu
http://www.metrotvnews.com/met...
February 26, 2013
Yogyakarta, Indonesia:  The cause of the deaths of hundreds of ducks in Tirtohargo, District Kretek, Bantul, Yogyakarta, is likely due to bird flu (avian influenza).  Certainty was obtained after a team from the Department of Agriculture and Forestry Bantul, went to duck coops owned by Saroja Braros Wiyono in Hamlet, Village Tirtohargo, Kretek.  The team leader Sri Imawati conducted rapid tests at the site.  

"The rapid tests showed that the deaths were due to bird flu virus," he said on Tuesday (26/2).

He previously reported on Friday (22/2) that since Monday (25/2) hundreds of ducks suddenly died that were owned by Saroja.  The incident was then reported to the Government of Bantul. Sri Ismawati further said the carcasses of ducks that died suddenly were destroyed by burning, while the enclosures and their environment will be sprayed with disinfectant.  

"In order not to continue to spread," he said.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Mukomuko Does Not Have Bird Flu Medicine Stock
http://eksposnews.com/view/18/...
March 4, 2013
Mukomuko, Indonesia: District Health Officer Mukomuko, Bengkulu Province, revealed that agencies do not have any more stocks of drugs to prevent bird flu and swine flu in the pharmaceutical warehouse district.

"Old stocks of anti-bird and swine flu in this area can not be used anymore because they have expired," said Acting Chief Medical Officer (PHO) Mukomuko district, Sabrin, in Mukomuko, Sunday, March 3, 2013.

Old stocks of anti-bird flu in the area, he said, were allocated by the provincial government during the outbreak of bird flu around the years 2009 to 2010.  After allocation, he said, further anti-bird and swine flu were never used but were preserved in cooling medicine cupboards.

"Naturally, the drug has expired, for many years they were kept and not used," he added.

In the absence of another drug, he hopes, in that area there are no cases of bird flu.  As for the stock of medicines to meet the basic health services until 2014 that number varied as much as 250 types.

"Stocks of medicines are more varied, and we have met the national essential drug list in 2011," he said.

He said as many as 250 items or types of drugs include antibiotics, allergy, analgesic, and BHP and the others were purchased with funds sourced from the budget from 2011 to 2012.  For basic services in 16 health centers in the area, he said, the drugs have been inadequate and verified that the drug does everything required by the local health center.

"The need for community health centers was not the 250 items, they only need about 148 drug items just to provide basic services to residents in the area," he said.  

"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Kementan to Release Bird Flu Vaccine March 19
March 5, 2013
http://m.tribunnews.com/2013/0...
Jakarta, Indonesia:  The Ministry of Agriculture confirmed they will soon release a vaccine production for avian influenza (AI) or bird flu clade 2.3.2.  

"On March 19, 2013, Pusvetma will be able to produce 3 million vaccines for the new clade," said Gratitude Iwantoro, Director General of Livestock and Animal Health Kemtan.

Kemtan initially targeted the production of vaccines by the end of February 2013.  According to Veterinary Center, Farma (Pusvetma) is entering a phase of challenge testing before producing it.
There are five companies appointed to produce the new bird flu vaccine.  The five companies are PT Sagi Capri, PT Vaksindo Satwa Nusantara, PT Sanbio Laboratories, PT Medion and Pusvetma.  They will produce 75 million doses, for the first phase to produce 25 million doses.  Because the new vaccine has not been there for a while vaccination was carried out using the old vaccine.  It has long been considered an effective vaccine, especially since bird flu outbreaks in ducks has decreased.  Ade M.  Zulkarnaen, Chairman of Local Poultry Breeders Association confirms the decline of bird flu virus outbreaks.  Starting from mid February until now only about 40,000 ducks died.  

"The total ducks that died reached 450,000 individuals in 14 provinces.  Several provinces have no complaints except for Central Java and East Java," he said as quoted to Tribunnews of KONTAN.  


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Kementan to Release Bird Flu Vaccine March 19
March 5, 2013
http://m.tribunnews.com/2013/0...
Jakarta, Indonesia:  The Ministry of Agriculture confirmed they will soon release a vaccine production for avian influenza (AI) or bird flu clade 2.3.2.  

"On March 19, 2013, Pusvetma will be able to produce 3 million vaccines for the new clade," said Gratitude Iwantoro, Director General of Livestock and Animal Health Kemtan.

Kemtan initially targeted the production of vaccines by the end of February 2013.  According to Veterinary Center, Farma (Pusvetma) is entering a phase of challenge testing before producing it.
There are five companies appointed to produce the new bird flu vaccine.  The five companies are PT Sagi Capri, PT Vaksindo Satwa Nusantara, PT Sanbio Laboratories, PT Medion and Pusvetma.  They will produce 75 million doses, for the first phase to produce 25 million doses.  Because the new vaccine has not been there for a while vaccination was carried out using the old vaccine.  It has long been considered an effective vaccine, especially since bird flu outbreaks in ducks has decreased.  Ade M.  Zulkarnaen, Chairman of Local Poultry Breeders Association confirms the decline of bird flu virus outbreaks.  Starting from mid February until now only about 40,000 ducks died.  

"The total ducks that died reached 450,000 individuals in 14 provinces.  Several provinces have no complaints except for Central Java and East Java," he said as quoted to Tribunnews of KONTAN.  


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


My apologies for the double post.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson

[ Parent ]
Three Districts Declared Endemic Bird Flu
March 14, 2013
http://www.timlo.net/baca/6446...
Sragen, Indonesia: Three districts in Sragen Regency have been declared endemic bird flu. In the third district; District Karangmalang, Kedawung and Sambungmacan, which some time ago the bird flu resulted in the deaths of thousands of ducks.  Head of Department of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries (Disnakan) Sragen, Eka Rini Mumpuni, said his co-District Public Health Office (DKK) Sragen have taken measures so as not to prevent spread to other provinces.  According to him, other than doing the surveillance and prevention, Disnakan continues to make socialization efforts in the community regarding the spread of bird flu virus.  Eka explained that the bird flu virus that attacks the ducks and other birds are close to having equality.

"Until now they still can run and it is not widespread among humans," he told reporters on the sidelines of an event in the Office of Service Unit Integrated Countermeasures Poverty (UPT-PK) Sragen not long ago.

Eka added that based on laboratory test results performed by Central Veterinary (BBVet) Wates, Yogyakarta, with a total sample of district-owned duck and Kedawung Karangmalang, it is positive.  He also continued to conduct monitoring of the three districts with poultry owners to always use the liquid disinfectant spray in cages.  Meanwhile, Head DKK Sragen, Dr. Joko Irnugroho revealed that since they found cases of livestock deaths in the sub Karangmalang duck, Kedawung, and his office has sent Sambungmacan health team to the field to conduct supervision and monitoring the condition of local people.  Joko pointed out that until now, no citizens have contracted bird flu.  However, he will continue to do surveys to detect the presence of infected citizens.

"Where there are birds that were found dead suddenly, we establish neighborhood posts until the incubation is complete.  Clearly, Jagan hold or direct contact with dead birds is known to be dramatic," explained Joko.



"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


U.S. and Indonesia Cooperate on Bird Flu Research
http://m.news.viva.co.id/news/...
March 18, 2013
Indonesia: Researchers from Indonesia and the United States (U.S.) are openly cooperating in the field of research on the H5N1influenza virus or bird flu virus with the attempt to create a virus monitoring system.  Indonesia, represented by the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Padjadjaran Bandung, will collaborate with the University of Colorado by using grant funds provided by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) worth U.S. $ 1.4 million or about Rp13, 5 billion.  Researchers from the Department of Pediatrics Ubuntu, Cissy B.  Kartasasmita, revealed that his team of researchers from the University of Colorado and the U.S. will fall into one of the three study sites in West Java that were proposed, namely Majalengka, Brass or Indramayu.  According to Cissy, who has been confirmed as a professor at Ubuntu, site selection was based on the incidence of exceptional bird flu in the district.

"So during the week we will conduct field surveys in areas known to be abundant with chickens or poultry that died suddenly.  We will take samples of the dead birds and the people who were about 200 yards from the location of these birds," said Cissy in conversation with the headline, Monday, March 18, 2013, after attending the event that awarded grants to researchers at USAID Indonesia in Building Higher Education, Ministry of Education, South Jakara.

According to Cissy, the sample results will be traced and those who are close to the site will be monitored during the week, whether they are sick or not, after the birds died.

"If they are known to be infected then they will be referred to hospital infections (room, ward?) in Hasan Sadikin Hospital," he said.  

Cissy has seen up to now there have not been more victims of bird flu.  Although previously they found one patient suspected of being infected with bird flu, but after testing, the results were negative.  Previously 14 patients infected with bird flu were recorded as having been treated in Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung.  However, since 2010 the cases no longer appears.  Cissy suspect this virus still exists, if they still find still similar symptoms in birds.

"We suspect that if the birds are still positive, then the human can also be positive.  Perhaps they are already infected the minor scale but this has not been detected," he said.

According to Cissy many people often forget to keep clean after they make physical contact with poultry.  And that's where the bird flu virus spreads.

"People like to think that the event is over, so they need to be constantly reminded.  I also deplore that they came to the hospital after being infected for so long and it is severe," said Cissy.

Through joint research can be found a geo-spatial epidemiological monitoring system, which can be used to monitor the source of bird flu originated and distribution process.

"Klo with monitoring technology, we can know where the location of the pain is, then investigate how the person can infect other people," said Cissy.

Cissy and his team is currently looking into the process of recruiting members for research and care of permissions.  It is expected that in May, the team will be able to go to the field to work.



"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Bitung Requests Tightening Entry Against Poultry
http://www.manadotoday.com/ant...
March 19, 2013
Bitung, Manado:  To anticipate the spread of bird flu virus, a number of residents of Manado have asked Agricultural Quarantine (BKP) Class I Manado Ocean Bitung Port working area and the Department of Agriculture (Disperta) Bitung City to tighten the entry of poultry from the port of Bitung .

"This is a warning for BKP and Agriculture Bitung, in order to supervise the movement of poultry through the port of Manado," said City Health Bitung Billy observer Sumampow.

Moreover, he said, local delivery destinations like Papua have now banned poultry entering the region.  "Let us not be missed due to official negligence from DKP and Bitung City Agriculture Office.  It must be considered," said Sumampow.

Meanwhile, Head of the Department of Agriculture Ir Luste Mcalawang Bitung City when asked for his response said that until now there have been no cases of bird flu in North Sulawesi, especially in the city of Bitung.   Even so they coordinate with BKP Bitung and will continue close monitoring of discharged poultry entering through the Port of Bitung.    

"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Many Ducks Attacked by New Strain of Bird Flu
http://www.108jakarta.com/life...
March 28, 2013
Jakarta, Indonesia:  More recently reports are about a new strain of bird flu that has attacked ducks.  Although there are no reports of human casualties, people should remain vigilant and maintain a clean and healthy lifestyle.

"Until now there have been no reports of a new strain of H5N1 clade 2.3.2 (bin humans)," said Prof. Dr. Ali Ghufron Wamenkes Mukti, MSc, PhD on the sidelines of the launch of the e-Regalkes and Single Sign On (SSO) in the office MoH, Jl HR Rasuna Said, Jakarta.

Wamenkes Ghufron said people should be vigilant, and the Ministry of Health has issued a circular to all national health authorities to fully anticipate and be alert.

"We tell the people not to have contact with infected birds and ducks, how to wear a mask and so forth, we are anticipating it.  It has been a long time that there are H5N1 cases in Bogor," he said.

MoH has prepared itself in anticipation with a similar drug tamiflu.  But civic people are expected to always behave in a healthy and clean way and not seek direct contact.  If there is a history of direct contact with ducks or poultry that died suddenly, one must better get to a hospital or to health care workers to be given the proper treatment.  

Previously ducks were quite resistant, but the recent clade 2.3.2 is highly lethal to birds.  MoH itself documented cases of bird flu in humans during 2012, and there were 9 positive cases who all died.  This figure decreased when compared to previous years in which there were 42 cases in 2007, 24 cases in 2008, 21 cases in 2009, 9 cases in 2010 and 12 cases in 2011.  

Besides Indonesia, the clade 2.3.2 mutation was also reported in poultry in Vietnam, Cambodia, Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Japan, Korea and Hong Kong (10 countries).  But there are only 3 states that had human cases, namely China, Hong Kong and Bangladesh.  Communities are expected to be aware if there are a large amount of poultry deaths, as well as to prevent and control the possibility of human contact with poultry deaths.  Do not forget to report any developments to watch.


"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Dozens of Banjar Ducks Suddenly Died
March 30, 2013
http://beritadewata.com/Bali_U...
Gianyar, Indonesia:  A total of 67 ducks died suddenly at Banjar village of Taro Tegallalang Patas, Gianyar.  The poultry deaths occurred for fifteen consecutive days.  To determine the cause of the birds' deaths, Department of Animal Husbandry, Fisheries and Marine Gianyar regency with the team has been doing research.  Even Gianyar regent Anak Agung Gde Agung Bharata led direct spraying (spraying) in the corral residents in Banjar Patas, Saturday (30/3).

It is noted that since mid-March 2013, 67 ducks died suddenly both in the cage and on the loose.  The number of dead ducks are located at three different points, ie 15 tails belonged to I Lastra, 50 tails belong to Dugdug Made and and 2 tails belong to Widana.  In fact, the number of dead poultry or livestock are likely to increase, because when Regent Court Bharata went to the location, there were some people who reported their ducks were suddenly limp.  Regent Court Bharata then also ordered that they immediately destroy the sick birds by burning and reimburse the cost of dead birds.  

"It's a matter of life, cases like this should be immediately addressed so not to be late," said Regent Court Bharata.  

After that, the number one Gianyar is spraying into the cage of ducks owned by residents to prevent the spread of bird flu virus.  After spraying, Regent Court Bharata hope that future farming ranks Agency, Fisheries and Marine in Gianyar regency UPTD further streamline their existing roles.  During this UPTD was considered less proactive in monitoring and searching for information related to citizens' poultry and livestock that died suddenly.  Allegedly when no citizens' poultry or livestock that died suddenly are not reported by the community, UPTD is also not proactively searching for information.  If this is allowed, it is harmful to the prevention and control of bird flu and rabies.  For the Regent of Gianyar plans to activate bird flu and rabies posts in each UPTD Husbandry Department.

Head of Department of Animal Husbandry, Fisheries and Maritime Affairs, Lord Amrita says, the death of the chicken began in mid-March 2013.  He said he could not confirm whether this is positive for bird flu or not because it is still under study and awaiting lab results.
(more)



"I am opposed to any form of tyranny over the mind of man."  Thomas Jefferson


Please post new Indonesia news stories ...
to the new diary here.

Thank you, Newshounds, for continuing to track these stories.


Menu

Make a New Account

Username:

Password:



Forget your username or password?



Active Users
Currently 2 user(s) logged on.

Contact
  DemFromCT
  pogge (In Memorium)
  Bronco Bill
  SusanC (emeritus)
  Melanie (In Memoriam)

  Flu Wiki (active wiki resource)
  How To Add To Flu Wiki
  Get Pandemic Ready (How To Start Prepping)
  Citizen's Guide v 2.0
  Effect Measure
  Dude's FTP

Home
Powered by: SoapBlox