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News Reports for October 12, 2012

by: NewsDiary

Sun Oct 07, 2012 at 19:50:16 PM EDT


Reminder: Please do not post whole articles, just snippets and links, and do not post articles from the Las Vegas Review-Journal. Thanks!

India
• Maharashtra: 52-year-old dies of H1N1 (Link)

United Kingdom
• Doctors postpone flu jab programme as drugs firm halts vaccine deliveries (Link)

United States
• Flu activity low, CDC says in first report of season (Link)
• MN: Minnesota confirms first 2 flu cases of season (Link)

General
• ProMED: Influenza (98): human-animal interface, WHO (Link)
• How the H1N1 flu could kill your cat (Link)


• H (Link)

NewsDiary :: News Reports for October 12, 2012

News for October 11, 2012 is here.


Thanks to all of the newshounds!
Special thanks to the newshound volunteers who translate international stories - thanks for keeping us all informed!

Other useful links:
WHO A(H1N1) Site
WHO H5N1 human case totals, last updated August 10, 2012
Charts and Graphs on H5N1 from WHO
Google Flu Trends
CDC Weekly Influenza Summary
Map of seasonal influenza in the U.S.
CIDPC (Canada) Weekly FluWatch
UK RCGP Weekly Data on Communicable and Respiratory Diseases
Flu Wiki

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India: 52-year-old dies of H1N1 (Maharashtra)
PUNE: A 52-year-old resident of Ahmednagar, who had been on anti-HIV drug, died of swine flu here on Wednesday. With this, the city's H1N1 death toll has reached 20 since April this year.

The deceased had developed cough and breathlessness since September 28. "However, despite the symptoms, he did not consult a doctor in time. When his condition worsened, he took the advice of a doctor in Ahmednagar. He was given symptomatic treatment on October 5. After his condition deteriorated, he was shifted to Poona Hospital on October 7," (Snip).

"His condition was critical and had been on ventilator support since October 7. His throat swab (Snip) had tested positive for swine flu. (Snip).

Meanwhile, six more people tested positive for swine flu in Pune city on Thursday. The condition of five, including an 11- month-old baby, was critical. All the five have been put on ventilator support.

(Note: 6 new suspects and 5 of them critical. I am seeing stats like this way to often for it not to warrant a full scale investigation.)

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


Link to article:
http://timesofindia.indiatimes...

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


[ Parent ]
ProMED: Influenza (98): human-animal interface, WHO
A. Human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus and associated animal health events:

From 2003 through 1 Oct 2012, 608 laboratory-confirmed human cases with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus infection have been officially reported to WHO from 15 countries, of which 359 died. Since January 2012, 30 human cases of influenza A(H5N1) virus infection have been reported to WHO. Since the last update [10 Sep 2012], no new laboratory-confirmed human cases with influenza A(H5N1) virus infection have been reported to WHO. Public health risk assessment for avian influenza A(H5N1) viruses: The public health risk for the virus remains unchanged.

B. Human infection with other non-human influenza viruses

A(H3N2) variant virus infection

The United States of America (USA) reported few additional human cases of influenza A(H3N2)v, and no additional deaths. The large majority of cases have been associated with swine exposure, though instances of likely human-to-human transmission have been identified. No sustained human-to-human transmission has been reported.

Limited serological studies [1-4] indicate that adults may have some pre-existing immunity to this virus but children do not. Seasonal vaccines do not provide cross protection against A (H3N2)v infection. WHO has identified several candidate vaccine viruses specific for A(H3N2)v that could be used to produce an (H3N2)v vaccine if needed [5].

Overall public health risk assessment for influenza A(H3N2)v viruses:

Further human cases and small clusters may be expected as this virus is circulating in the swine population in the USA and people may continue to be exposed, especially through the autumn. Close monitoring of the situation is warranted as schools have started again and changing weather conditions may favor influenza transmission.

A(H1N1) variant virus infections

As a result of enhanced surveillance around the agricultural fairs, a case of human infection with H1N1 variant influenza virus was detected and reported from the USA [6]. The case occurred in August 2012 in a previously healthy woman. She was not hospitalized and recovered from her illness. The person had direct contact with swine at a State Fair. No further cases were identified. This is the 2nd case of infection with this H1N1v virus in the USA; the previous case occurred in 2011.

Canada also reported a case of human infection with influenza A(H1N1)v in an adult male with underlying risk factors. He developed symptoms at the end of August [2012] and was hospitalized with pneumonia in September. He had occupational exposure to swine. No additional cases have been reported.

The influenza A(H1N1)v viruses isolated from patients in the USA and Canada have an haemagglutinin similar to human seasonal influenza viruses circulating very recently in people, which might suggest some existing population immunity except in young children. Current seasonal vaccines would provide cross protection against these viruses. Available data indicates that the virus would be susceptible to antivirals (neuraminidase inhibitors; oseltamivir and zanamivir).

Overall public health risk assessment for influenza A(H1N1)v viruses:

Further human cases and small clusters of human infection with these viruses may be expected as they are circulating in swine populations. No human-to-human transmission with this virus has been reported. It is expected that the human populations are largely protected by existing immunity except for young children and by the seasonal influenza vaccine.

Because influenza viruses evolve constantly and change characteristics and behavior unpredictably, WHO continues to stress the importance of global monitoring of variant influenza viruses and recommends to all Member States to strengthen routine surveillance activities. Continued: http://www.promedmail.org/dire...

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


UK: Doctors postpone flu jab programme as drugs firm halts vaccine deliveries
GP surgeries across Derbyshire have been forced to postpone this autumn flu jab programme due to shortages of the vaccine. Crucell, a pharmaceutical company based in the Netherlands, has suspended delivery of all supplies of its flu vaccine because of "an unexpected test result".

The company supplies 10% of the UK's flu vaccine stocks and the shortages are affecting about 15% of surgeries in Derby and Derbyshire.

A spokesman for Crucell said that supplies had been halted "voluntarily" by the company because of patient safety concerns following an unexpected test result on one batch. It did not say what this result was. Further tests are being conducted to investigate the cause before any further batches of vaccine are released. The company is due to make a further announcement on the progress of production on Monday.

(Snip)

Derek Ward, director of public health for NHS Derby City and NHS Derbyshire County, reassured patients that the flu jab programme would go ahead. He said: "Everyone who needs their seasonal flu jab in Derby and Derbyshire can be assured they will receive it.

"Temporary supply problems experienced by vaccine manufacturer Crucell are affecting a small number of surgeries. GP practices in the county have already begun making the best use of resources by using alternative supplies, where available, and we will continue to work with public health colleagues to closely monitor the situation.

"Additional supplies are expected to be available within the remaining GP practices in Derby and Derbyshire by the beginning of November."

In January last year, half of the county's practices ran out of doses and private pharmacies struggled to replenish stocks. Continued: http://www.thisisderbyshire.co...

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


US: Minnesota confirms first 2 flu cases of season
ST. PAUL - Minnesota has confirmed its first two influenza cases for the 2012-13 season. The Minnesota Department of Health says its lab confirmed flu infections in a 25-year-old Olmsted County woman and a 12-year old Hennepin County child. Neither patient was hospitalized.

The department's official monitoring for the season began Oct. 1. The flu season in Minnesota typically runs from October through April, and peaks in February, but the department says cases can occur sporadically throughout the year, including summer.

Kris Ehresmann, the department's infectious disease director, says these first cases show that the seasonal flu is beginning to circulate in the community. Continued: http://www.grandforksherald.co...


Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


US: Flu activity low, CDC says in first report of season
Flu season is upon us again, so the U.S. Centers for Disease Control has resumed publishing its weekly FluView Reports, which track influenza activity around the country.

The report for the week ending Oct. 6, released Friday, showed low levels of flu activity. Of more than 2,800 lab specimens tested, 75 were positive (39 for strains of influenza A and 36 for strains of influenza B). No pediatric deaths from flu were reported, and numbers of flu-related pneumonia deaths were also low.  No influenza activity was reported at all in Guam and 18 states. California reported sporadic cases.

There were no new infections with the H3N2v swine flu (Snip).

This year, FluView incorporates new online tools to allow users to visualize flu data and make comparisons of activity between flu seasons, regions of the country and so on. The report also pointed readers to the Google Flu Trends page, which also offers flu activity estimates. Continued: http://www.latimes.com/health/...

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


How the H1N1 flu could kill your cat
The flu may make you sick this winter, but it could kill your cat.

"Most people don't realize that humans can pass diseases to animals," said Dr. Christiane Löhr, an Oregon State University College of Veterinary Medicine pathologist. She researched the cases of two cats dying from the H1N1 flu caught from their owners in Oregon in 2009. Dr. Jessie Truijillo, an Iowa State University microbiologist, studied a third cat in Iowa contracted the virus from its owner in 2009 and survived.

Veterinary medicine researchers in Ohio followed up with a study, published last December, of a widespread H1N1 infection rate in 400 healthy cats, although few developed symptoms.

Löhr and Truijillo are collecting data now to find out more about how this rare "reverse zoonosis" is happening.

The study, published in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, discovered an alarmingly high and unexpected infection rate of 57.2 per cent.

"Yes, maybe not every cat dies and that's a good thing," Löhr told the Star. "A lot more get infected."

Researchers have since found cases of H1N1 infecting a dog, pet ferrets and a cheetah.

Ontario reported its first case last month of H1N1 transmission from a pig to a human.

"The big concern with influenza virus is that as soon as something changes to infect a different species, it is evidence of significant changes in the virus that indicate how severe this disease will be," said Löhr. "A virus in a new species is of great concern." Continued: http://www.thestar.com/news/wo...

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


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