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News Reports for February 18, 2013

by: NewsDiary

Sat Feb 16, 2013 at 22:42:50 PM EST


Reminder: Please do not post whole articles, just snippets and links, and do not post articles from the Las Vegas Review-Journal. Thanks!

Cambodia
• Cambodia Reports 7th Bird Flu Victim for 2013 (Link)

China
• Guizhou bird flu not yet out of danger - No new outbreaks (Link)

Egypt
• WHO reports Egyptian H5N1 death (Link)

India
• Rajasthan: Swine flu: Officials told to monitor high-risk groups (Link)
• Delhi: Both panic, flu are in the air (Link)
• Delhi: India: Sunday sees 60 swine flu cases (Delhi) (Link)
• Delhi: 37 new cases of swine flu in Delhi, total cases rise to 457 (Link)

Mexico
• Mexico decrees health emergency for avian flu (Link)

Philippines
• Hospitals urged to report new coronavirus cases (Link)

United States
• Gallup: January Flu Reports Hit Highest Level Since Poll Started In 2008 (Link)
• Experts: New SARS-like virus could show up in U.S. (Link)

Vietnam
• Vietnam on alert as bird flu claims lives in neighbor countries (Link)
• Unexplained deaths - Viet Nam: (Quang Nam) pigs and humans, RFI (Link)

Research
• New Starting Point For Flu Drug Design (Link)

General
• Influenza (19): WHO global update (Link)


• H (Link)

NewsDiary :: News Reports for February 18, 2013

News for February 17, 2013 is here.


Thanks to all of the newshounds!
Special thanks to the newshound volunteers who translate international stories - thanks for keeping us all informed!

Other useful links:
WHO A(H1N1) Site
WHO H5N1 human case totals, last updated February 15, 2013
Charts and Graphs on H5N1 from WHO
Google Flu Trends
CDC Weekly Influenza Summary
Map of seasonal influenza in the U.S.
CIDPC (Canada) Weekly FluWatch
UK RCGP Weekly Data on Communicable and Respiratory Diseases
Flu Wiki

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India: Swine flu - Officials told to monitor high-risk groups (Rajasthan)
JAIPUR: Alarmed over the spurt in swine flu deaths, the health department on Sunday directed the officials to closely monitor high-risk groups including persons suffering from diabetes, hypertension, obesity, under-5 children, senior citizens and pregnant women.

Over 110 deaths took place in the past 65 days even as 600 persons underwent test for swine flu.

Principal secretary, health, Deepak Upreti directed officials to take necessary steps to prevent the spread of swine flu and especially deaths. He said that within 24 hours of swine flu testing, the report must be issued. There should not be delay in the treatment. There should be no shortage of testing kits and medicines.

(Snip) "We are taking all the necessary measures to prevent deaths. We are conducting all activities including screening of people for swine flu in the areas where a swine flu case is detected," said an official.

In rural areas, the health department has made available Oseltamivir tablets (tamiflu) at community health centres and primary health centres. Tablets are also distributed to those found suffering from swine flu like symptoms. Rapid response teams are also deployed for screening of people. http://timesofindia.indiatimes...  

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


Vietnam on alert as bird flu claims lives in neighbor countries
As bird flu claims lives in China, Cambodia, Vietnamese health authorities asked its sub-divisions to urgently implement counter-measures against transmission of the virus to human.

Especially, districts in border crossings were ordered to enhance medical check-up to tourists and rush holidaymakers who suffer high fever and breathing problem to hospitals for quarantine as well as disinfect the infected area.

Related agencies, medical facilities and staff should work around the clock to look after these patients.

(Snip) deputy head of the Department of Preventive Medicine under the Ministry of Health, said illegal sales and transport of poultry and water-fowl still occured through border gates.

(Snip)

Medical experts advised people not to consume chicken with unclear origin and go to medical facilities immediately when they experience high fever, cough, sore throat and breathing problem to have check-up soon to discover the disease.

Cambodia is experiencing the worst outbreak of the virus since the beginning of the year. The virus has claimed the lives of four people and one patients in critical condition while China recorded one death and one in critical condition (Snip).

WHO also gave a warning about a new virus that is similar to SARS as (Snip) the UK, confirmed a third case of novel corona virus infection in a family cluster, following the confirmed diagnosis of two cases announced earlier last week. http://www.saigon-gpdaily.com....

(Note: The number of H5N1 cases in Cambodia is incorrect in this article. There has been 7 H5N1 cases in 2013 and 6 of those have died.)

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


ProMED: Unexplained deaths - Viet Nam: (Quang Nam) pigs and humans, RFI
Two persons dead after contact with diseased pigs
-------------------------------------------

2/15/2013 - Health authorities in the central province of Quang Nam suspect cause of death of two persons due to contact with diseased pigs.

(Snip) vets had destroyed eight pigs that were diseased and could have been the reason for the deaths of the 42-year-old [female] owner of a slaughter house in Binh Tay Village who died on 8 Feb 2013, and the 41-year-old owner of a slaughter house in Xuan Tay Village who died on 10 Feb 2013. Health staff took samples of the two persons to test (Snip).

On 4 Feb 2013 the Binhh Tay resident bought 24 pigs from vet Vo Thien Sinh in Dai Thang Commune for selling in the market. However, after killing eight pigs she experienced symptoms of fever, diarrhea and internal bleeding. She was rushed to hospital but succumbed to the infection on 8 Feb 2013.

Later, vet Sinh brought the remaining pigs to the Xuan Tay villager and asked him to slaughter them. The villager developed the same symptoms as the other owner after he had killed two pigs and he died on 10 Feb 1013.

(Snip) Department of Animal Health in Dai Loc District arrived at the houses of the two owners to bury the remaining pigs.

(By N. Khoi and  translated by Uyen Phuon)
http://www.who.int/influenza/h...

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


India: Both panic, flu are in the air (Delhi)
Intermittent rain this winter season has brought the temperatures down sharply time and again. So much so that the weather has become ideal for the growth of several disease-causing organisms such as virus and bacteria.

Whosoever is falling sick this season is scared of being the next victim of the dreaded swine flu and doctors are having a hard time convincing them that they may be suffering from merely normal flu.

"Disease-causing bacteria and virus grow faster in this climate. That is why more people fall sick when there is even the slightest of change in weather. It could be normal flu and not necessarily swine flu. People, however, have already started panicking," said Dr SP Byotra, chairman, department of medicine, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital.    

(Snip) the out-patient department (OPD) rush of people running moderate to high fever has gone up two-fold in city hospitals and clinics.

"There is a significant rise of about 40% in my OPD and the primary reason is the fear of having contracted swine flu. I am getting nearly 25-30 cases of normal flu daily these days," said Dr Supriya Bali, senior consultant, internal medicine, Max Healthcare.

Paediatricians are also getting panic calls from worried parents whose children are suffering from flu-like symptoms. "Obviously parents don't want to take a chance. But thankfully this time the situation isn't as bad as it was in 2009. (Snip).

(Snip)

In swine flu, these symptoms are more severe and the person also feels excessively breathless. The symptoms can occur without fever as well. (Snip).

The virus has spread within the community across the city, and the only way to control it is by taking preventive measures.

"We don't get transported cases of H1N1 anymore. Ninety per cent of the people suffering from the infection haven't travelled abroad. (Snip).

"Even if it's swine flu, there is no need to panic because the disease behaves just like any other seasonal flu and is self-limiting, needing mostly symptomatic treatment," added Dr Byotra.

(Snip). http://www.hindustantimes.com/...

(Note: All the cases of flu reported so far have been H1N1 swine flu. No seasonal flu strains seem to be circulating in India and if they are, why are there no reports of them by physicians/laboratories or the press? Either huge numbers of cases are not being reported or the CFR is very high in many parts of India this season. The CFR in some cities/states are around 20% according to the numbers shown in the articles I'm seeing and that's enough to scare anyone. Fortunately, for New Delhi, the CFR is about 2% and that is much lower then most reported areas. If they don't want people to panic, then they need to provide adequate and accurate information to the public. JMO)  

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


India: Sunday sees 60 swine flu cases (Delhi)
New Delhi - The city continued to be in the grip of the H1N1 virus with this week registering the highest number of swine flu cases so far this season. On Sunday, 60 cases were reported, the seasonal highest for a day.

(Snip)

The Capital has so far recorded over 300 cases of swine flu and nine deaths, which is a two-year highest.  ***(Note: the last number I saw was 420 cases.)   Despite such high number of cases, Delhi government officials are insisting that swine flu is well under control. "There is no one pattern or place from where most cases are coming. The cases are uniformly spread across the city, suggesting that this is a seasonal phenomenon and will die down as weather improves," said Dr Charan Singh, additional director, department of heath and nodal officer for H1N1 flu.

"Even 60 is not a huge figure for a big city like Delhi. More cases are being reported, thanks to better surveillance and closer monitoring. Even smaller hospitals are reporting cases," he said, assuaging fears of an epidemic-like situation. Continued: http://www.hindustantimes.com/...

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


China: Guizhou bird flu is not yet out of danger No new outbreaks
Translated

Guizhou recently diagnosed two cases of human infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza cases, 110 people in close contact with the patient were not abnormal clinical symptoms, medical observation all lifted.

(Snip)

After February 17, the reporter learned from the Guizhou Provincial Health Department, February 8, Guiyang have reported two cases of human infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza, the local government and relevant departments Urgent investigation, and the investigation out of 110 The names have close contacts with the two cases under medical observation. As of February 17, none of the 110 close contacts abnormal clinical manifestations such as fever, all the lifting of medical observation. Currently, Guizhou Province did not report new outbreaks.

(Snip) a 21-year-old female patient in critical condition died 13 other The name of 31-year-old male patient is still in full treatment, smooth the patient's vital signs, but not yet out of danger.

(Snip) Members of the public should avoid contact with poultry and other birds. Feces of infected birds may carry the avian influenza virus (Snip).

(Snip)

It is understood that the Guizhou Provincial Health Department will soon organizational inspection teams to go to cities and prefectures inspection to check the province's human bird flu prevention and control work. http://focus.scol.com.cn/zgsz/...  

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


Mexico decrees health emergency for avian flu
MEXICO CITY - Mexican authorities decreed a health emergency due to an outbreak of avian flu in the central state of Guanajuato, where some 582,000 domestic fowl exposed to the virus could be slaughtered to eradicate it, officials said.

The agriculture secretariat said in a communique that technicians of the National Food Health, Safety and Quality Service, or Senasica, confirmed "the presence of the H7 avian flu virus on seven farms of the Bachoco company in Guanajuato".

It said that since Wednesday night an emergency prevention operation has been in force due to the increased mortality from "suspected avian flu", so that technicians were sent to inspect the Bachoco farms in the Guanajuato municipalities of Dolores Hidalgo and San Luis de la Paz.

Official laboratories said that clinical diagnoses "will determine the number of poultry that must be slaughtered to eradicate the outbreak".

Mexican authorities said the outbreak "will not affect the national supply of poultry products", since Mexico has 137 million laying hens, of which 2.8 million are in Guanajuato, or 2.35 percent of the total. Continued: http://www.pakistantoday.com.p...  

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


37 new cases of swine flu in Delhi, total cases rise to 457
Thirty-seven more people have been detected with H1N1 virus on Monday, taking the total number of swine flu cases in the national capital to 457.

With the death two more people on Saturday, the number of people succumbing to the virus is nine this season.

According to hospital sources, there were no deaths on Monday, but 37 fresh cases have been reported.

Top health department officials are monitoring the situation. Continued: http://www.dnaindia.com/india/...

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


ProMED: Influenza (19): WHO global update
Summary

- Influenza activity in North America, though high with A(H3N2) virus predominant, started decreasing. In the United States of America, the number of pneumonia and influenza-related hospitalizations among adults aged 65+ years continued to increase.

- In Europe, influenza activity continued to increase in the majority of countries, with the A(H1N1)pdm09 virus predominant. Most countries reported medium-intensity transmission, wide geographic spread and increasing trends.

- Influenza activity throughout the temperate region of Asia is ongoing.

- In the Caribbean, Central America and tropical South America, influenza activity remained at low levels.

- Most countries in Africa experienced decreasing influenza activity.

- Influenza in the southern hemisphere remained at inter-seasonal levels.

Continued with details on each area:  http://www.promedmail.org/dire...

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


Cambodia Reports 7th Bird Flu Victim for 2013
http://www.scienceworldreport....

First Posted: Feb 17, 2013 07:46 PM EST

Cambodia has reported a total of seven bird flu cases since the beginning of the year and two patients are in critical condition, reports say.

According to a Xinhua news report, the total of victims infected with the virulent H5N1 virus is now up to seven for the year. So far, five of the seven cases reported this year have ended in death. The World Health Organization (WHO) says has killed 360 other people worldwide since surfacing in 2003.

The report says the latest victim is a 4-year-old girl from Angkor Phnom Touch commune, Angkor Chey district of Southwestern Kampot province. The girl has survived the infection and is currently hospitalized in stable condition in a Phnom Penh hospital. So far, most human cases have been linked to contact with infected poultry.

[continued at link]


These facts don't match what we already know
...unless this news story is out of date.

7 human H5N1 cases have been reported in Cambodia so far this year, of which 6 have been fatal.  The most recent case was reported as a 3yo girl from Kampot province who died Feb. 13.

Either:

  • This is an 8th case from the same province as the 7th case, or
  • This is an out-of-date reporting of the 7th case (prior to her death on Feb. 13)


[ Parent ]
Vietnam on alert as bird flu claims lives in neighbor countries
http://www.saigon-gpdaily.com....

Monday, Feb 18, 2013, Posted at: 13:01(GMT+7)
As bird flu claims lives in China, Cambodia, Vietnamese health authorities asked its sub-divisions to urgently implement counter-measures against transmission of the virus to human.


Especially, districts in border crossings were ordered to enhance medical check-up to tourists and rush holidaymakers who suffer high fever and breathing problem to hospitals for quarantine as well as disinfect the infected area.


Related agencies, medical facilities and staff should work around the clock to look after these patients.

Dr. Tran Thanh Duong, deputy head of the Department of Preventive Medicine under the Ministry of Health, said illegal sales and transport of poultry and water-fowl still occured through border gates.

However, most human infections have been linked to close contact with sick birds and there has been no record of transmission from human to human.  


Gallup: January Flu Reports Hit Highest Level Since Poll Started In 2008

February 17, 2013 6:04 PM
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Gallup monthly polls show that the highest percentage of Americans reported being affected by the flu in January 2013 than any other month since records began in 2008.

[snip]

An average of 4.7 percent of Americans self-reported having the flu the day before being surveyed last month. This is an increase from the 3.2 percent who reported having the illness in December 2012.

On any given day in January, Americans were more likely to report having the flu in January than they were during the peak months in any of the past four recorded flue seasons. The previous highs each flu season had an average of 3.3 percent of respondents stating that they had the flu "yesterday" in February of 2008-09 and the 2010-11 seasons.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has reported similar findings as Gallup.

[snip]
Gallup's Healthways Well-Being Index asks 500 Americans each day whether they had a cold or the flu "yesterday." Gallup noted that there is the possibility that the average of daily cold and flu cases is underestimated because those who were sick the day before may be less likely to respond to Gallup's phone survey inquiries.

Americans reporting they had a cold in January also reached a five-year high.

[continued at link]


Link to the above article:
http://washington.cbslocal.com...

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


[ Parent ]
Hospitals urged to report new coronavirus cases
http://www.philstar.com/headli...

MANILA, Philippines (Xinhua) - The Department of Health (DOH) ordered hospitals nationwide today to report all suspected cases of new coronavirus in response to World Health Organization (WHO)'s call.

DOH Secretary Enrique Ona issued the directive following the call of the WHO asking health authorities to correctly report any case of new coronavirus and not to describe it as "SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome)- like" to avoid confusion.

"The new coronavirus may be spread through person-to-person transmission although it remains not to be highly contagious based on the few patients reported so far," Ona said.

He asked hospitals to report new coronavirus cases when they suspect them using a standard report form available at the National Epidemiology Center.

[snip]


New Starting Point For Flu Drug Design
http://cen.acs.org/articles/91...

Volume 91 Issue 7 | p. 9 | News of The Week
Issue Date: February 18, 2013

Structural Biology: Different flu antibodies interact with viral protein in similar way

By Celia Henry Arnaud

Photo caption:
Human antibodies interact with H2 hemagglutinin by inserting an aromatic residue (yellow) into the sialic acid-binding pocket.

Credit: Rui Xu/Scripps Research Institute
Influenza viruses enter cells by using spiky proteins called hemagglutinins to bind with cell-surface receptors that are tipped with sialic acid. Blocking this interaction is an obvious strategy for flu therapies, and many drug discovery efforts start with a sialic acid scaffold to block the hemagglutinin binding pocket. The problem: Sialic acid is a lousy binder.

What's needed is a different starting point. New structures of human antibody fragments bound to H2N2 flu virus, a type of Asian flu, could point the way to new scaffolds. (The H and N stand for hemagglutinin and neuraminidase, respectively, and the numbers determine the virus subtype.)

"In the circle of influenza aficionados, the H2N2 subtype is considered to be a dormant giant," says Wayne A. Marasco, an influenza researcher and professor of medicine at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, who was not involved with the current structure study. The Asian flu virus, which caused a 1957 pandemic, stopped circulating in humans in the late 1960s but continues to reside in birds and pigs. Scientists worry that it could jump from animals back to humans, sparking another pandemic.

Structural biologist Ian A. Wilson of Scripps Research Institute, immunologist James E. Crowe Jr. of Vanderbilt University, and coworkers have now solved crystal structures of H2 hemagglutinin complexed with the antigen-binding fragment of three human antibodies that neutralize the 1957 Asian flu virus (Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., DOI: 10.1038/nsmb.2500).

"Even though the antibodies approach from different directions and have completely different sequences, they're actually finding commonality in the way they interact with the receptor-binding site," Wilson says.

continued at link:


Experts: New SARS-like virus could show up in U.S.
http://edition.cnn.com/2013/02...

Infectious disease experts say they wouldn't be surprised if a new virus that's sickened 12 people and killed five shows up in the United States.

cont.

Comment There are the usual hostile comments to this article.


Egypt:: WHO reports Egyptian H5N1 death
http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidr...

(This CIDRAP story includes details of the most recent H5N1 case reported (with no details) by WHO on Feb. 15).

Feb 18, 2013 (CIDRAP News) - A 36-year-old Egyptian woman from Beheira governorate recently died from an H5N1 avian influenza infection, pushing the world's number of infections reported so far this year to 10, according to an update on the disease from the World Health Organization (WHO).

The woman started having symptoms on Jan 16 and was hospitalized and started on oseltamivir (Tamiflu) treatment on Jan 20. She died on Jan 26. An investigation into the source of her illness found that she had been exposed to sick poultry before she got sick. Beheira governorate is in northern Egypt's Nile Delta. (continued)


Please post new news stories ...
LOL
Both of us tonight. That should get everyone to tomorrow's diary! LOL

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


[ Parent ]
Please post new news stories to...

News Reports for February 19, 2013

Thank you!

Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. --Unknown

     


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